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Ethical and Legal Responsiblites

ethics a system of principles a society develops to guide decisions about what is right and wrong
principles fundamental truth
ethical dilemma situation where there is no answer
code of ethics codes that have been developed; share the purpose to set standards of professional conduct that promote the welfare of patients and ensure a high quality of care.
values the beliefs and ideals that provide the foundation for making decisions and guiding behavior
guided principles of health care ethics 1) Preserve life 2) Do good 3) Respect autonomy 4) Uphold justice- 5) Be honest 6) Be discreet 7) Keep promises 8) Do no harm
1) Preserve life provide patients w/caring attention
2) Do good respect, communication skills
3) Respect autonomy have consented to all
4) Uphold justice treat all patients equally know the rules for handling all categories learn the state laws and your facility's policies & procedures Follow all safety rules and OSHA guidelines
5) Be honest admit mistakes immediately refuse to participate in any form of fraud document all procedures/coding accurately
6) Be Discreet never release patient information of any kind, don't discuss patients with anyone keep documents out of view do not leave records or patient registers on the reception desk
7) Keep Promises be sure that the necessary contracts have been completed be careful about what you say to patients
8) Do No Harm focus on providing excellent customer service always work within your range of practice stay inform about new laws that affect health care
preserve life principle for health care professionals that say that all life is precious
euthanasia mercy killing, performing an action that results in the death of a patient to alleviate suffering or when it is believed that there is no hope for recovery
organ transplants can save lives; however it is illegal to take organs without the prior per mission of the patient or family members
stem cell research holds promise for replacing patients' cells that have been damaged by a variety of diseases and injuries
rationing care and resources serious concern as cost of health care rises; may come an issue when there are scarcities of resources
do good helping & promoting the welfare of others is a basic duty of the health care professional; the reasonable needs of a patient must be considered before the needs of self
respect autonomy patients have the right to make decisions about their health care
consent permission to have a procedure or test done
informed consent indicated by the patient's actions, showing up for a medical appointment, opening the mouth for dentist
battery touching someone without permission
assault any threatened or implied act whether carried out or not
emancipated minors individuals under 18 who are financially independent, married, or in the military
express consent given in writing and is required for many procedures
invasive procedures punctures or incisions of the skin or insertion of instruments or foreign material into the body
advance directives written instructions that outline of an individual's desires regarding care should they become unable, as the result of illness or injury, to make these decisions
Patient self-determination act 1991, requires that hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, and hospice have written policies regarding advance directives facilitate their own health care decision accept/refuse treatment make an advance health care directive
justice refers to fairness
Contracts formalized promises that are enforceable by law
breach of contract when one of the parties fails to fullfil his/her part of the agreement
Order of contract MUST HAVE an offer/acceptance/consideration
implied contract actions of the parties create the contract
express contract created when the parties discuss and agree on specific terms and conditions
agent someone who has the authority to represent another person
respondeat superior "Let the Master Answer"
damages money to compensate for an injury or loss
negligence failure to meet the standard of care that can be reasonably expeted from a person with certain training and experience
malpractice professional negligence
Created by: 100000296951062