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sociology ch. 10

outsourcing Companies make more of a profit by hiring people who will work for less in other countries.
Per capita gross nation income measures the total output of goods and services produced by residents of the country and the income of the nonresidents in a year. Income of res + income of non res = per capita GNI
Core countries most power (first world)
Semiperipheral countries middle class (second world)
Peripheral poor (third world)
Theories on global stratification Modernization, dependency
Modernization theory Marx Weber. Societies become more complex and different due to economics
What does modernization predict how other will countries achieve development change their traditional attitudes, values, and institutions.
Pros and cons of modernization Modernization explains that good work ethics = economic success (japan). Doesn't explain how countries interact with each other
Dependency theory. Who came up with it? Karl Marx. Focuses on explaining the persistence of poverty in countries as a result of their dependence on wealthy countries.
According to dependency theory, what contributes to the poverty of dependent countries? Exploiting goods, colonialism, political restrictions
Colonialism Process of rich countries taking raw materials from poor countries to make and sell products which they sell in return at a higher price. Keeps working colonies underdeveloped
Neocolonialism Rich prevent the poor getting richer by setting prices extremely low on raw materials.
Multinational Corporation sellers of corporations buy cheap and sell high.
Dependency con Many poor countries weren't colonies and the involvement of multinational corps doesn't make a country poorer.
World systems theory Globe seen as a whole, each country has a role in the world economic system
3 groups of world systems Core, semiperipheral, peripheral
International Division of Labor Products are produced globally, while only benefiting a few
World cities cities that are linked to international commerce
Transnational communities geographically distant but socially and politically close.
What are the consequences of global stratification? Population is high in poor countries, death rate is high, lower health, low education, gender inequality, war and terrorism
Created by: Chelseagirl2508