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The Early Israelites

History Chapter 3

The Israelites focused on one God. the belief in one god is called what? monotheism
How did the religion of the Hebrews differ from many of the religions of their neighbors? Neighboring religions believed in many gods and goddesses, and the Hebrew religion believed in only one God.
The Israelite faith became the religion known today as what? The followers were eventually known as who? The Israelites spoke a language called what? Judaism, Jews, Hebrew
The Israelites left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan. Today what three countries occupy the land that was once Canaan? Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan
Who raised the 12 sons, who became the 12 tribes of Israel? Jacob, called Israel, raised twelve sons in Canaan. Israel means one who struggles with God.
Why did the Israelites eventually leave Canaan? There was a drought, so in order to survive they left.
Who led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Sinai Desert? Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt.
What is the Israelites escape from Egypt called? Exodus, they wandered in the desert for forty years because all they did was complain.
What is the Torah and how did the Israelites obtain it? The Torah is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. The Ten Commandments is one of the most important parts.
While on top of Mount Sinai, Moses received Ten Commandments from God. How did the Ten Commandments help shape the basic moral laws of many nations? The Ten Commandments told people not to steal, murder or tell lies about others. The Ten Commandments also helped develop a belief in a "rule of law." This idea shows that laws should apply to everyone equally.
What covenant was described in the Torah? God promised to return the Israelites to Canaan is they followed his laws.
Who led the Israelites in their return to Canaan? What city did they conquer under his leadership? Joshua and Jericho. He told them to march around the city walls. The walls of Jericho crumbled and the Israelites overran the city.
What problem did the Israelites face when they returned to Canaan? The Canaanites were living there and they believed it was God's will to conquer them.
What was the importance of the Phoenician alphabet? It made writing simpler and helped people keep records.
What modern letter most closely resembles its Phoenician character? Z
In what year did the Israelites build a kingdom in Canaan? 1000 B.C.
The Israelites believed they were descended from who? Abraham
The bible says that one desperate mother put her baby in a basket and hid it on the riverbank. The Pharaoh's daughter found the baby and named him what? Moses
God killed all firstborn children except those of the Israelites because they marked their doorway with what? lambs blood
Jews today celebrate a holiday called what to remember how God passed them over? Passover
After Joshua the Israelites looked to judges for leadership. Who was the first woman judge? Deborah
The Israelites believed they were descended from Abraham. he was revered by the Jews and the religion of the _________ and ____________? Islam and Christianity
Created by: mary_shelton