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Land & Water Review

During which month does New York State has its longest period of sunlight? Usually on or around June 21 – when the sun is at its northernmost point and summer begins (summer solstice)
What 3 pieces of information does a weather map show? TEMPERATURE (measured in F OR C degrees), PRECIPITATION (types and amounts of snow, rain, sleet hail) CLOUD COVER (sunny, clear, partly cloudy)
What is evaporation? Evaporation is when liquid water changes to water vapor in the air
What affects evaporation? Evaporation is affected by temperature
How do warm temperatures affect evaporation? Warm temperatures have a faster evaporation
How do cool temperatures affect evaporation? Cool temperatures have a slower evaporation
What is weathering? The breaking away and wearing away of rocks
What is erosion? Erosion is the moving of weathered rocks and soil by wind, water or ice
What is the water cycle? A continuous exchange of water between the earth and the air
What are the 4 parts of the water cycle? Condensation, precipitation, runoff, evaporation
Describe the Condensation cycle… Water vapor (gas) changes into a liquid (rain, clouds, fog) or into a solid (snow, sleet, hail) and falls to the earth in the form of precipitation
Describe the Precipitation cycle… Rain, sleet snow, hail fog which falls into lakes, oceans, streams, river and land. When rain lands on mountains or hills, it can form runoff
Describe the Runoff cycle… Water flowing on the earth’s surface, often flowing into bodies of water (lakes, rivers, steams). This water, as well as water from land, humans, animals and plants enters the air through the process of evaporation.
Describe the Evaporation cycle… When liquid water enters the air and changes to water vapor (gas). This water vapor then forms condensation.
What can you do to protect outside plants during cold temperatures? Cover them or bring them inside
Most thermometers have increments of how much? 2 degrees
Created by: Twalkowiak