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Chapter 1

definition

TermDefinition
genetic engineering the process of removing and/or inserting genetic material in order to change an organism's traits
bioinformatics the use of information technology to store, analyze, sort, label, and share the many DNA sequences generated by genome sequencing projects
synthetic biology
developing countries countries that are in the process of developing in terms of infrastructure, food production, and so on
Green Revolution a term referring to the tremendous advances in food production that began in the 1970
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
transgenic
biotech the use of technology to influence biological functions
genetically modified organisms that have been genetically changed through the intervention of humans
genetically engineered the process of removing genes from one organism and transferring them to another organisms
cloning production of a genetically identical offspring by artificial means
biomanufacturing manufacturing through the use of biotechnology, such as gene splicing
pharming
personalized medicine medicine that is
personalized genomics the particular gene makeup of an individual
gene therapy a medical procedure to treat and cure genetic disorders that includes modifying or replacing disease-causing genes
stem cells cells that are programmed to begin the differentiation process of cell development
biomediation an environmental improvement process whereby living organisms can be used to consume and convert pollutants to harmless substances
biotechnology the manipulation of living organisms or parts of organisms to make products useful to humans
Created by: nygroundhog on 2013-10-21



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