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Chapter 5 Sections 1

Chapter 5 Sections 1 and 2 Vocabulary

controversial subject to debate
ordinance official law or rule
Magna Carta a charter of liberties agreed to by King John of England, it made the king obey the same laws as citizens
English Bill of Rights passed in 1689, declared the supremacy of Parliament (a shift of political power from the British monarchy to Parliament)
constitution a set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom a document that gave people in Virginia freedom of worship and prohibited tax money from being used to fund churches
suffrage voting rights
ratification an official approval
Land Ordinance of 1785 legislation passed by Congress authorizing surveys and the division of public lands in the western region of the country
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 legislation passed by Congress to establish a political structure for the Northwest Territory and create a system for the admission of new states
Northwest Territory lands including present-day Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; organized by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Articles of Confederation the document that created the first central government for the United States; was replaced by the Constitution in 1789
creditors people who lend money
debtors people who owe money
inflation a rise in prices combined with the reduced value of money
tariffs taxes on imports or exports
interstate commerce trade between two or more states
depression a steep drop in economic activity combined with rising unemployment
Daniel Shays he led hundreds of men in a forced shutdown of the Supreme Court in Springfield, Massachusetts
Shays's Rebellion an uprising of Massachusetts' farmers, led by Daniel Shays, to protest high taxes, heavy debt, and farm foreclosures
confederation the union of the 13 original U.S. states under the Articles of Confederation
Created by: ellenabney