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History terms and questions- civil rights

affirmatve action An action or policy favoring people who tend to suffer from discrimination, in relation to employment or education.
busing Transport a child of one race to a school where another race is predominant, as an attmept to premote intigration.
desegregation End of segregation, or separation of different racial groups.
discrimination The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different catigories of people or things.
diversity Having different varieties of ethnic groups.
ethnic group Pertaining to or the characteristics of people especially a group charing common and distinctive culture, religion, language, ect..
ethnocentrism The belief the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture.
intergration The act or instince of combining racial, religious, or ethnic groups.
prejudice An unfavorable opinion or felling formed beforehand, or without knowledge.
quota A number or percentage, especially of people, constituting a required or targeted minimum.
race A group of persons related by common descent or heredity.
racism Hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.
segregation The act of separating or setting apart different groups.
sexism The act of favoring one sex over the other.
stereotype A widely held but fixed and over simplified image or idea of a particular person or group.
black codes Set limits on blacks and they were different from state to state. these codes set limits on the freedom of blacks as well.
boycott A refusal to by goods or buy at any particular business.
emancipation To be set free from segrigation.
jim crow Was a name for the system of racial seperation and discrimination.
reconstruction 1865- 1877 To free blacks from white oppression and to give them equal civil rights in their country. Federal government rebuilt southern states (former confederacy) physically, politically, economically, and socially, and rebuilt the Union.
ride-in Demonstrations where people would ride in a bus or trolly and refuse to get off.
List 2 methods used by southern states to keep black from voting? -poll tax -literacy test
What was the Grandfather clause? said: -if you couldn't pass the literacy test or pay the poll tax could still vote -but --> only if your grandfather had before Jan. 1, 1867
intolerance Not willing to respect the beliefs, practices, or behavior of others.
Nixon vs. Herndon (1972) -supreme court ruled--> blacks could vote in primaries
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) -court ruled--> segrigation= not illegal but had to be equal facilities for both
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) -court overturned--> but equal -ordered desegrigation of schools -said segrigation fo public schools denied equal protection under 14th Amendment
Why did many Indians not take part in council elections under the Indian Reorganization Act passed in June, 1934? Because concill members weren't being elected traditionally.
What job did M.M. Bethune hold in FDR's admistration? She was FDR's official advisor for minority affairs.
How did New Deal laws treat blacks unfairly? -C.C.C. camps were sepregated -W.P.A. programs didn't always give jobs to blacks -A.A.A. -favored farmers with lots of land -blacks usually had very little land -Social Security- most blacks were not covered by it
In what segment of American society did President Truman order disegregation in 1946? Armed forces
What governor of Arkansas barred black students from intergrating Central High school? What president took what action as a result? -governor= Governor Orval E. Faubus -Eisenhower took action -he sent federal troops to Little Rock
Name 3 kinds of direct action taken by blacks as the movement changed. -sit-ins -strike -picketing
With what individual do you associate the Black Power movement? Stokely Carmichael
With what individual do you associate the Mexican-American Rights movement? Cesar Chavez
Name and describe specific programs by President Johnson to wage War on poverty. -Economic Opportunity Act:-August '64 was passed -Helped improve people's job skills and be better educated -Job corps:-trained school drop-outs -Operation Head Start:-helped young children (from low-income families)
continued prepare for school -VISTA:-social workers and teachers work with low-income and other groups -office of Economic Opportunity- set up to run programs
What ethnic group constitutes the 2nd largest minority in the U.S.? Mexican-Americans and Hispanics
When was the ERA amendment passed? -on July 1982- after ten years the Equal Rights Amendment failed -approved by 35 states- needed 38 for radification
de factio segregation Segregation not by law but just because everyone is used to it and choses to do it. (segregation by custom)
Created by: bonquiqui