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Geo Tools 5 Themes

What is LOCATION? WHERE on earth a place can be found
What is PLACE? Tells what an area is like by describing human or physical features
What are physical features? Things made by nature
What are human features? Things made by or describing the people of an area
What is a REGION? A group of places with something in common
What is human-environment interaction? How people affect nature, or how nature affects people
What is MOVEMENT? How people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another
Which way do lines of latitude go? And what do they tell you? They go side to side; they tell you how far N or S of the Equator you are
Which way do lines of longitude go? And what do they tell you? They go up and down; they tell you how far E or W of the Prime Meridian you are
Explain the "two-finger trick" for latitude and longitude. You use two fingers to figure out which lines your spot is in between, and use that range to estimate the exact lat or long
Explain the "inchworm trick" for latitude and longitude. When you are bringing two fingers together to figure out which city is at a spot, move one finger at a time, little by little, so your fingers don't drift off the right line.
What is a map key? Explains the colors and symbols used on a map
What is a scale bar? Shows how distances on the map compare to the real world
What is a compass rose? Shows directions on a map
What is the difference between a large-scale and a small-scale map? Large-scale maps are zoomed in, while small-scale maps are zoomed out
What does a physical map show? Natural features like deserts and mountains
What does a political map show? Country boundaries and major cities
What does a population density map show? Average number of people per square mile
What does an economic map show? Natural resources and land use
What does a climate map show? Average temperatures and precipitation in an area
What are the strengths and weaknesses of globes? Strength: Shows the correct shapes of continents Weakness: Cannot show detail
What are the strengths and weaknesses of maps? Strength: Can show great detail Weakness: Shapes of continents get distorted
What is distortion, and why does it happen? Distortion is when the shapes of places on a map are not accurate. This happens because the earth is a sphere and a map is flat.
What are the 3 parts of the Global Positioning System (GPS)? 1. Satellites 2. Control system / workers 3. Handheld receivers / devices
How does the GPS system work? Satellites send signals to the receivers, which then tell the user directions. Workers monitor the satellites and make sure they are functioning correctly.
What is a Geographic Information System (GIS)? A computer database that shows information on maps that can be layered together to help people make decisions.
Created by: lisalunn