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Tools of Geography

Core Concepts Part 1 – Tools of Geography

QuestionAnswer
Geographers use _________ to help locate points on Earth’s surface. directions
Geographers have drawn _____ _____around Earth, dividing it into parts to help pinpoint locations imaginary lines
Using _____ _______ can help you make sense of geography. five themes
The theme of ______ is used to describe where a place is found, while the other themes describe features of a place. location
Globes, photographs, computer images, and maps are all ways to show and view Earth’s _____. surface
Each way of showing Earth’s surface has ______ and ___________. advantages disadvantages
Maps have parts that help you read them. parts
Though different maps show different things about a place, you can use the same ____ to help understand them. tools
Maps can show many different kind of _______. information
Political, ________, and special-purpose maps are the main types of maps. physical
Study of the human and nonhuman features of Earth geography
Unit that measures angles degree
North, east, south, and west cardinal directions
One-half of Earth hemisphere
Round-shaped body sphere
Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degrees longitude
Distance north or south of the Equator measured in degrees latitude
Exact position on Earth in terms of longitude and latitude absolute location
How people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another movement
Location of a place relative to another place relative location
how people affect their environment and how their environment affects them human-environment interaction
mix of human and nonhuman features at a given location place
area with at least one unifying physical or human feature such as climate, landforms, population, or history region
relative size scale
computer-based system that stores and uses information linked to geographic locations geographic information system (GIS)
photographic image of Earth’s surface taken from the air aerial photograph
picture of Earth’s surface taken from a satellite in orbit satellite image
loss of accuracy distortion
way to map Earth on a flat surface projection
section of the map that explains the map’s symbols and shading key
section of a map that shows a larger area than the main map locator map
section of a map that shows how much distance on the map represents a given distance on the land scale bar
diagram of a compass showing direction compass rose
map that shows physical, or natural, features physical map
height above sea level elevation
map that shows political units, such as countries or states political map
map that shows the location or distribution of human or physical features special–purpose map
Created by: mtmscomplab