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Chapter 16

What is approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of the brain? Pituitary gland Or hypophysis cerebri
What is located superior to the pituitary gland in the brain? Hypothalamus
What is the largest endocrine gland? Thyroid Gland
What are the four small bodies embedded in the posterior aspect of the lobes of the thyroid gland? Parathyroid Glands
The clusters of endocrine tissue found throughout the pancreas, made up of different cell types that secrete various hormones, including insulin and glucagon. Islets of Langerhans
What is secreted by the adrenal cortex, and aids the body during stress by increasing glucose levels to provide energy? Cortisol
What is secreted by the adrenal medulla, and helps the body to deal with stress by increasing blood pressure, heartbeat, and respiration. epinephrine
What is an enlargement of the extremities? acromegaly
What is an inflammation of a gland? adenitis
What is a condition known as excessive calcium in the blood? hypercalcemia
What is a tumor of the parathyroid gland called? parathyroidoma
What is inflammation of the thyroid gland? thyroiditis
What is a condition brought about by an abnormal accumulation of acid products of metabolism such as seen in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus? acidosis
The enlargement of the thyroid gland goiter
What is a disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter, and abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs? Graves disease
A condition resulting from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, in which the body has an abnormal concentration of ketone bodies resulting from excessive fat metabolism ketosis
A condition caused by excessive thyroid hormones thyrotoxicosis
What is the excision of a gland? adenectomy
An incision of the thyroid gland thyroidotomy
What is (any)disease of the endocrine(system)? endocrinopathy
The excessive development of the adrenal cortex adrenocorticohyperplasia
A normal(level of) sugar in the blood(within normal range) euglycemia
An abnormal state of much thirst polydipsia
What is an abnormal protrusion of the eyeball? exophthalmos
What is the sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism? metabolism
Created by: Rosaria Scardino Rosaria Scardino