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The Archaeologist

Key terms

Artefact Objects made by our ancestors
Research Archaeology When there is evidence to suggest that objects might be found at the site.
Rescue/Salvage Archaeology This takes place before a new road or a building is constructed to ensure that no object or evidence from the past is lost.
Geophysical Survey This is like an X-ray of the soil to see if it has been disturbed in the past.
Test trenches A trench/hole is dug to see what sort of objects the archaeologist might find there.
Stratigraphy A way of dating artefacts - the deeper in the ground the object lies, the older it is.
Carbon dating A way of dating artefacts - the less carbon 14 present in the object, the older it is.
Dendrochronology A way of dating wood - measures and counts the number of rings present in the wood.
Created by: kathy.mullen