Test Android StudyStack App
Please help StudyStack get a grant! Vote here.
or...
Reset Password Free Sign Up

Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers.


incorrect cards (0)
correct cards (0)
remaining cards (0)
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the Correct box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the Incorrect box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

Correct box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards



Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

NWHSU Anatomy test 2

QuestionAnswer
_______origin of the extensor digitorum brevis anterior calcaneus
_______inNervation of the extensor hallucis longus deep fibular n.
_______action of tibialis anterior inversion of foot, dorsiflexion of ankle
_______action of peroneus (fibularis) longus eversion of foot, plantarflexion of ankle
_______origin of the vastus medialis muscle linea aspera of femur, intertrochanteric line of femur
_______muscle which lies immediately deep to adductor longus; it inserts on only a single bony landmark adductor brevis
________origin of adductor longus anterior pubis
________action of rectus femoris extension of knee, flexion of femur
________inNervation of adductor magnus muscle anterior head - obturator n. posterior head - sciatic n.
_______insertion of the iliopsoas lesser trochanter
______insertion of the biceps femoris (BE SPECIFIC) head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia
Name the muscles whose tendons pass behind the medial malleolus. List them from POSTERIOR TO ANTERIOR AS THEY PASS AROUND the malleolus. flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior
________action of semitendinosus across the knee joint flexion of knee, medial rotation
_______inNervation of the popliteus muscle tibial n.
______muscle which originates on the ischial tuberosity and inserts on the anterior proximal tibial shaft semitendinosus
________invertor of the foot innervated by the tibial nerve tibialis posterior
_________action of gluteus medius medial rotation of femur & abduction
_______lateral rotator of the hip located immediately superior to the tendon of the obturator internus muscle gemellus superior
________muscle which originates from the anterior surface of the sacrum and inserts into the upper part of the greater trochanter piriformis
_________lateral rotator of the hip supplied by the obturator nerve obturator externus
What structure(s) ANTERIORLY contribute(s) to the rectus sheath above the level of the anterior superior iliac spine? aponeuroses of internal oblique, external oblique
Differentiate between the eventual course of a direct and indirect inguinal hernia. BE DETAILED AND COMPLETE! Indirect travels thru the abdomen, thru the deep inguinal ring, thru the inguinal canal, & then thru to the superficial inguinal ring if required. Direct travels thru the abdomen ,around or thru the conjoined tendon & then to the superficial inguinal ring
_______component of the anterior abdominal wall from which the cremaster is derived internal oblique muscle
_______specific nerve from which the lateral sural cutaneous n. is a direct branch common fibular
The sciatic nerve descends posterior to the ________muscle during most of its course through the thigh. adductor magnus
_______the tibial nerve contains fibers from these during most of its course through the thigh. L4-5, S1-3
Assuming the sciatic nerve has been severed, would any cutaneous areas below the knee still have sensation? If so, specifically where and why? Yes. Medial side of foot, because of saphenous nerve.
______apart from muscular paralysis, injury to this specific nerve would present anesthesia of the skin in the small areas (web) between the 1st and 2nd toes ONLY. deep fibular n.
______specific vessel supplying skin of lower part of the abdomen and external genitalia superficial external pudendal artery
Beginning with the popliteal artery, make a flow chart showing the course a drop of blood would mainly take to reach the lateral compartment muscles of the leg. popliteal artery --> posterior tibial --> peroneal a.
Name the direct (immediate) branches of the dorsalis pedis artery. arcuate, deep plantar, 1st dorsal metatarsal
______artery that gives rise to the perforating arteries of the thigh profunda femoris
Assume you are constructing a body (for the halloween party at NWHSU) and want the STRONGEST POSSIBLE muscular performance across a particular joint. What would you do? (i.e., What type of muscle would you use and how would you attach it?) Pennate, attach it far from the joint.
______name given to the CONNECTIVE TISSUE covering the smallest unit of muscle visible to the naked eye perimysium
_______component of the deep fascia which arranges muscles into functional compartments intramuscular septa
Make a flow chart showing the SIMPLEST SEQUENCE of function of the nervous system. stimulus...sensory neuron...motor neuron...effector organ
_____(use letter classification) motor fibers have a ganglion intermediate and SPECIFICALLY innervate ______________________. GVE, smooth m., cardiac m., glands
In reference to the nervous system, define a nucleus. a group of neuron cell bodies in CNS
List the GENERAL sensations pressure, touch, temperature, pain, proprioceptors
_________are SPECIFIC TYPE receptors used for smell and taste. They are classified functionally as ____ (use letter classification) fibers. Chemoreceptors, SVA
Name the intrinsic muscles of the plantar foot that form the 1st layer. Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Abductor Hallucis, Abductor Digiti Minimi
Name the plantar flexors of the ankle tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, fibularis brevis, gastrocnemius, soleus, fibularis longus, plantaris, flexor digitorum longus
Name 2 important ligaments with attachments to the ischium and sacrum. sacrotuberous ligament, sacrospinous ligament
A patient presents flattening of the medial longitudinal arch on the plantar surface of the foot. Give specific ligamentous damage. Use proper name(s) only. plantar calcaneanavicular
______action of the gluteus minimus. abduction & medial rotation of hip
________muscles which insert on the iliotibial tract gluteus maximus, tensor fascia latae
________muscle immediately superior to the sciatic nerve in the gluteal region piriformis
_______hamstring inserting on posterior medial tibial condyle semimembranosus
List individual names and actions of the muscles collectively known as the triceps surae. (Gastrocnemius(plantarflexion of ankle, flexion of knee), Soleus(plantarflexion of ankle))---->lift heel when running or jumping
_______originates on the posterior fibula ONLY and its tendon passes behind the medial malleolus flexor hallucis longus
_________deepest muscle at the posterior knee popliteus
_________origin of plantaris lateral epicondyle of femur
________abdominal muscle that rotates the trunk to the opposite side externus oblique m.
________origin of the vastus medialis muscle linea aspera, intertrochanteric line
_________insertion of pectineus (do NOT list pectineal line, use IEMA description) pectineal line, inferior to the lesser trochanter of femur
________origin of the rectus femoris Anterior inferior iliac spine, upper rim of acetabulum
_______insertion of the adductor magnus Posterior head(linea aspera), Anterior head(adductor tubercle of femur)
List 4 actions of the sartorius muscle. lateral rotation of femur, flexion of femur, flexion of knee, abduction of hip
______insertion of the adductor brevis muscle linea aspera & pectineal line of femur
_______inNervation/nerve of peroneus (fibularis) brevis superficial fibular n.
__________insertion of the peroneus (fibularis) longus lateral base of 1st metatarsal
________action of peroneus (fibularis) tertius eversion of foot, dorsiflexion of ankle
_______inNErvation of extensor hallucis longus deep fibular n.
Give components which form the medial wall of the inguinal canal conjoined tendon, rectus sheath
Define the superficial inguinal ring opening in aponeurosis of external oblique
_______cutaneous branch of tibial nerve which supplies skin of the posterior calf sural n.
Name the CUTANEOUS branches of the femoral nerve. DO NOT give articular. saphenous n.
______nerve which passes along the medial side of the tendon of the biceps femoris, then curves around the neck of the fibula common fibular n.
Give two vessels which help to form the cruciate anastomosis 1st perforating artery, inferior gluteal artery
__________specific vessel that gives off most of the dorsal metatarsal arteries. arcuate artery
_______smallest fiber-like unit of a muscle visible to the naked eye (do NOT say fiber as your answer) fascicle
Besides being external to the epimysium and sometimes fused to it, give two other characteristics of the deep fascia. separates muscle into functional compartments, wraps around individual muscles so they can move freely
Give the functional letter CLASSIFICATION, and NAME a proprioceptor. GSA, muscle spindles
Define a nerve. a group of neuron fibers in the PNS
According to the lecture, name the anatomical structures placed in the peripheral nervous system 31 pairs of spinal nerves, 12 pairs of cranial nerves, autonomic neurons in ANS
Name the muscles that form the 2nd layer of the plantar foot lumbricals, quadratus plantae
Name the dorsiflexors of the ankle. tibialis anterior, peroneus tertius, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus
A patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive eversion. Give specific ligamentous damage. deltoid ligament
________action of the gastrocnemius plantarflexion of ankle, flexion of knee
______origin of the gastrocnemius lateral head-lateral epicondyle of femur, medial head-medial epicondyle of femur
_______function of the of the popliteus muscle unlocks extended knee by laterally rotating femur
_________two primary actions of the gluteus minimus abduction of femur, medial rotation of femur
__________lateral rotator of the hip supplied by the obturator nerve obturator externus
______origin of the quadratus femoris ischial tuberosity
__________action of the gracilis across the HIP joint adduction of hip
_______origin of the vastus medialis intertrochanteric line & linea aspera of femur
_________nerve/innervation of pectineus femoral n.
_________insertion of peroneus (fibularis) brevis lateral bone of 5th metatarsal
__________action of peroneus (fibularis) tertius eversion of ankle & dorsiflexion of ankle
________nerve/innervation of peroneus (fibularis) longus superficial fibular n.
_________specific muscle that is located on the dorsum of the foot and originates from the anterior calcaneus extensor digitorum brevis
_______abdominal muscle that rotates the trunk to the opposite side external oblique
Define the deep inguinal ring opening in transversalis fascia
SPECIFICALLY, what forms the important conjoined tendon? aponeurosis of transversus abdominus m. & aponeurosis of internal oblique m.
_____portion of the spermatic cord derived from the internal oblique. cremaster cord
Name the CUTANEOUS branches (i.e., that supply skin) of the femoral nerve. Do NOT give articular. medial & intermediate cutaneous nerves - saphenous nerve
________specific nerve from which the sural nerve arises tibial n.
________point at which the common peroneal nerve is particularly vulnerable to injury neck of fibula
________the obturator nerve carries fibers from these spinal segments L2-4
Give two vessels which help to form the cruciate anastomosis medial circumflex artery, lateral circumflex artery
_________artery which directly gives rise to most of the dorsal metatarsal arteries arcuate artery
_______the small saphenous vein is a direct tributary (drains into) to this vessel. popliteal vein
_________artery that gives rise to the perforating arteries of the thigh profunda femoris artery
Discuss what is meant by functional reversal of origin and insertion. When the insertion remains fixed and the point of origin moves. ex: psoas major during a sit-up
List the basic MOTOR functions of the nervous system muscular contraction & glandular secretion
_______are SPECIFIC TYPE receptors used, for example, as pain detectors in the skin. They are functionally classified (use letter) as ____. exteroceptors, GSA
_______SPECIFIC components innervated by the autonomic nervous system cardiac m., smooth m., glands
_________muscle which originates on the proximal ischial tuberosity and inserts on the medial greater trochanter inferior gemellus
______NERVE of the muscle that "unlocks" the knee joint tibial
______origin of the psoas major muscle T12-L5 vertebrae
________INNERVation of the sartorius muscle femoral n.
________most superficial and medial thigh adductor gracilis
__________muscle which originates from the anterior distal fibula (with extensor digitorum longus) and inserts into the base of the 5th metatarsal peroneus tertiua
_________action of peroneus (fibularis) longus eversion of foot, plantarflexion of ankle
________origin of the external oblique ribs-lower 8(5-12)
________portion of the spermatic cord derived from the aponeurosis of the external oblique external spermatic fascia
________the deep fibular nerve runs immediately anterior to this structure through most of it course ( DO NOT list a vessel) interosseous membrane
______muscle in which the common peroneal nerve divides into its terminal branches fibularis longus
The tibial nerve terminates as the __________. medial and lateral plantar nerves
The ONLY muscular clinical sign a patient presents is involuntary inversion of the foot and foot drop. This would indicate injury specifically to the ______ nerve. common fibular (peroneal) n.
_________superficial vein which drains the lateral part of the foot and the posterior leg small saphenous vein
__________arises from the arcuate artery the dorsal metatarsal a.a.
Name the vessels which help to form the cruciate anastomosis medial femoral circumflex a., lateral femoral circumflex a., 1st perforating a., inferior gluteal a.
________muscle innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve. gluteus maximus
_________abdominal muscle that rotates the trunk to the same side. internal oblique
List 4 actions of the sartorius muscle. Abduction of the hip, Flexion of femur, Lateral rotation of hip, Flexion of knee
________action of the pectineus. Flexion of femur, adduction of fewmur,
_______origin of the extensor digitorum bevis anterior calcaneus
Specifically, what forms the ANTERIOR WALL of the inguinal canal. Aponeurosis of external oblique muscle
The sciatic nerve directly innervates what muscle(s)? Semimembranosis, Semitendinosis, Adductor Magnus, Biceps Femoris
IN DETAIL, how does the great saphenous vein become a tributary to the deep veins? (Include vein it drains into and how it gains access to it.) It arises from dorsal digitals, dorsal metatarsals and dorsal venous arch and travels up media leg to the saphenous hiatus which is a gap in the fascia lata. It then is a tributary to the femoral vein.
_______artery which the medial femoral circumflex is a direct branch. profunda femoris
________artery which runs with the deep peroneal nerve anterior tibial artery
Considering that muscle volume remains constant, what can one say when COMPARING the range and strength of contraction of an UNATTACHED (free) muscle? They have an inverse relationship. Range depends on length of fascicles and strength depends on cross sectional area of fascicles.
Classify (use 3 letter classification) efferents to the muscles of facial expression and mastication. Why are they classified as such? SVE. They come from the brachial arches in an embryo.
Name the muscles that form the 3rd layer of the plantar foot. flexor hallucis brevis, adductor hallucis, flexor digiti minimi brevis
Name the medial rotators of the hip. Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fasciae Latae
Name the ligaments that run from the tibia to the lateral malleolus. Anterior tibiofibular ligament Posterior tibiofibular ligament
_________action of semitendinosus across the KNEE joint flexion & medial rotation
___________hamstring inserting on posterior medial tibial condyle semimembranosus
_______originates on the posterior fibula ONLY and its tendon passes behind the medial malleolus. flexor hallucis longus
________action of pectineus adduction of femur, flexion of femur, medial rotation of femur
_______origin of the sartorius muscle anterior superior iliac spine
___________insertion of the adductor brevis muscle linea aspera
________lateral rotator of the hip supplied by the obturator nerve obturator externus
__________muscle which originates on the proximal ischial tuberosity and inserts on the medial greater trochanter inferior gemellus
______-nerve of tibialis anterior deep fibular nerve
______________action of fibularis longus eversion & plantarflexion ok ankle
_________insertion of fibularis brevis base of 5th metatarsal
________nerve that traverses the adductor canal to provide cutaneous innervation to the medial side of leg, ankle, and foot to great toe saphenous
________the tibial nerve contains fibers from these specific spinal cord segments L4 - S3
_________point at which the common fibular nerve is particularly vulnerable to injury neck of fibula
________the fibular artery is a branch of this artery posterior tibial artery
Give the functional letter classification, and name a proprioceptor. GSA, golgi tendon apparatus
Define irritability. A response to the stimulus with the initiation of a nervous impulse
List the basic MOTOR functions of the nervous system. glandular secretion, muscle contraction
Name the medial rotators of the knee sartorius, semitendinosus, gracilis, semimembranosus, popliteus(when foot it not fixed on ground)
A patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive inversion. Give specific ligamentous damage. anterior talofibular ligament
________a ligament deep to the dorsal sacroiliac ligament, located in the deep groove between the sacrum and ilium interosseous sacroiliac ligament
Created by: Jennason Kuiken Jennason Kuiken on 2013-09-24



bad sites Copyright ©2001-2014  StudyStack LLC   All rights reserved.