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Bonewit Chapt 4

Vital Signs (Cheyenne Rice)

adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
afebrile without fever; body temp is normal
alveolus thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
antecubital space space located at the front of the elbow
antipyretic agent that reduces fever
aorta major trunk of the arterial system of the body. the aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
axilla the armpit
bounding pulse pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong an full
bradycardia abnormally slow heart rate, less than 60 bpm
bradypnea abnormal decrease in the respiration rate, less than 10 respirations per minute
celsius scale temp scale on which the freezing point of water is a 0 degree and boiling point of water is 100 also called centigrade
conduction transfer of energy from one object to another
convetion transfer of energy through air currents
crisis sudden falling of a elevated body temp to normal
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrains
diastole phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions
diastolic pressure point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole
dyspnea shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
dysrhythmia irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia
eupnea normal respiration, the rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute the rhythm is even and regular
exhalation act of breathing out
febrile pertaining to fever
Fahrenheit scale temp scale in which freezing point of water is 32 and boiling point of water is 212
frenulum linguea midline fold that connects the under surface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth
hyperpnea abnormal increases in the rate and depth of resperations
hyperpyrexia extremely high fever
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperventilation abnormally fast and deep type of breathing
hypopnea abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of resperation
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia body temp below normal
hypoxemia decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood
hypoxia reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body
inhalation act of breathing in
intercostal between the ribs
korotoff sounds sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings
malaise vague sense of body discomfort
manometer instrument for measuring pressure
meniscus curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube
Created by: cheyennerice