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ch.3

vocab

TermDefinition
culture the way of life that distinguishes a people
rural of or characteristic the countryside
population density the average number of people living in a given area
culture hearth a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding culture
birthrate the number of live births each year per 1000
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another
immigrant a person who moves into a country
diffusion the process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another
emigrant a person who leaves a country to live elsewhere
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
urbanization the growth of city populations
sovereignty a country freedom and power to decide on policies and actions
unitary system a system of government in which on central government holds most of the political power
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local government
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
authoritarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all political power
dictatorship a system government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person
toalitarianism a system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
monarchy a system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch a king queen sha or sultan whos position is usually inherited
democracy
traditional economy
market economy
command economy
natural resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel
nuclear energy
water power
geothermal energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat
solar energy
primary economic activity
subsistence farming
commercial farming
secondary economic activity
cottage industry
commercial industry
tertiary economic activity
quaternary economic activity
export an item that is sent out of the country for sale
import an item that is brought int the country for sale
Created by: michaelburgess