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Music Theory

A set of terms useful in music theory and notation.

QuestionAnswer
The fractional number next to your treble or bass clef is called? Time Signature.
The number of beats represented by a quarter note in 4/4 time. One beat.
Examples are major, minor, chromatic, phygrian or pentatonic. Scales.
The three variations of each note in a scale. Flat, Sharp or Natural Notes.
A sequence of eight consecutive notes. Octave.
A dynamic, describing a gradual increase in volume of a note or notes. Crescendo.
A note played in a long, drawn out manner. Legato.
Played quickly and sharply, with detached notes. Staccato.
The symbol used to signify that a piece is to be repeated once, in it's entirety, before finishing. Da Capo.
Music that is written and performed without a specified key. Atonal.
Three or four notes, played in harmony, to produce a rounded sound. Chord.
To hold a note beyond the written value. Fermata.
To switch from one key to another during a piece. Modulate.
A repeating phrase of music, usually at the end of a verse Refrain.
The speed of a composition. Tempo.
A piece performed vocally, without musical accompaniment. A Cappella.
A chord, played with each note separately, instead of simultaneously. Arpeggio.
A phrase that connects two different parts of a composition. Bridge.
Common time. 4/4 Time, the musical "standard". Often indicated by a cut circle.
The highest of the four vocal ranges. Soprano.
The lowest of the four vocal ranges. Bass.
The middle-low of the four vocal ranges. Tenor.
The upper middle of the four vocal ranges. Alto.
To "shake" a note by alternately increasing and decreasing volume. Tremolo.
To "vibrate" a note by alternately increasing and decreasing the note's pitch. Vibrato.
Created by: flynnster