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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis-OSHA (Kali Dansingburg)

AEROBE A microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow.
ANAEROBE A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
ANTISEPTIC An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
ASEPSIS Free from infection or pathogens;the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens.
CILIA Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
CONTAMINATE To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean.
DECONTAMINATION The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal.
HAND HYGIENE The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
INFECTION The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
MEDICAL ASEPSIS Practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens.
MICROORGANISM A microscopic plant or animal.
NONINTACT SKIN Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, & burns.
NONPATHOGEN A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment.
OPTIMUM GROWTH TEMPERATURE The temperature at which an organism grows best.
PARENTERAL Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts, & abrasions.
PATHOGEN A disease-producing microorganism.
PERINATAL Relating to the period shortly before & after birth.
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic.
POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS Treatment administered to an indivual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
REGULATED MEDICAL WASTE Medical waste that poses a threat to healthy & safety.
RESERVOIR HOST The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
RESIDENT FLORA Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease ; also known as normal flora.
SUSCEPTIBLE Easily affected; lacking resistance.
TRANSIENT FLORA Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activited. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Created by: kalidansingburg