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SS Vocab.

Unit 1

TermDefinition
absolute location exact location on the earth
basin area of land drained by a given river and its branches
bay part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline
canyon deep narrow valley with steep walls
cape point of land that extends into a river, lake or ocean
channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses
cliff steep, high wall or rock/ice/earth
continent one of the seven large landmasses on earth
cultural feature characterisitic such as language, religion, housing, and settlement patterns
delta flat, low lying hand built up from soil carried downstream
divide stretch of high land that separates river systems
downstream direction in which a river or stream flows from its source to the mouth
elevation height of land above sea level
equator imaginary line that runs halfway between the north and south poles-measures degress north and south
glacier large, thick body of slowly moving ice
gulf part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline-larger than a bay
harbor sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor
highland elevated land area such as a hill, mountain or plateau
hill elevated land with sloping sides
island land area, smaller than a continent-completely surrounded by water
isthmus narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas
lake water that is completed surrounded by land
latitude distance north or south of the equator
longitude distance east or west of the prime meridian
lowland land level at a low elevation
map drawing of the earth on a flat surface
mesa broad, flat topped land form with steep sides-smaller than a plateau
mountain land with steep sides-larger than a hill
pountain peak pointed top of a mountain
mountain range a series of connected mountains
mouth of a river where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water-the end point
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround continents
ocean current stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through the ocean
parallel one of the many lines in the lobal grid that circle earth north and south of the equator-anther name for lines of latitude
peninsula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
physical feature characteristic of a place occuring naturally-landforms, body of water, etc.
plain area of level land, usually at low elevation and covered with grasses
plateau area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation
prime meridian line of the global grid running from the north pole to the south pole-measures degrees east and west
relief changes in elevation over a given area of land
river large natural stream of water that runs thorugh land
sea large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land-larger than a gulf and bay
seacoast land lying next to a sea or ocean
sea level position on land level with the surface of a nearby ocean or sea
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
source of a river place where a river or stream begins-often in highlands
tributary small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream-branch of a river
upstream direction opposite of the flow of a river-toward the source
valley area of low land between hills or mountains
volcano mountain created as liquid rock or ash erupts from inside to the earth
Created by: candreozzi