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chapter 2


enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society.
legislature a group of people that makes laws.
momarch king or queen
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later similar case.
common law branch of law dealing with formation constitutions and interpretations of constitutions
social contrct an agreement among people in a society with a government.
natural rights freedom people possess relating to life liberty and property.
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
joint-stock company investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
charter a written document granted land and the authority to set up colonial government.
compact an agreement or contract among a group of people.
proprietary colony area with owner-controlled land and government.
royal colony a colonial area of land controlled directly by a king or other monarch.
religious dissenters those who follow a religious faith other than the official religion of England.
puritans religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify or reform the Anglican church.
pilgrims colonial puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey.
toleration acceptance of other groups such as religious groups.
indentured servants workers who contracted with American colonists for food and shelter in return for there labor.
plantation a large estate.
triangular trade pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americas Africa and Europe.
tidewater areas of low flat plains near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina
egalitarianism the philosophy or spirit of equality.
mercantilism The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buy.
boycott the refusal to purchase certain goods
delegate A repersentive to a meeting
independence self-reliance and freedom from out side labor.