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1st Q. vocabulary

Geography, Prehistoric, & Historic Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Physical Characteristics of Land Features on a map that show the way the land looks that NATURE made (lakes, rivers, mountains)
Human Characteristics of Land Features on a map that show what PEOPLE have added to the land (cities, roads, borders, railroads)
Cardinal Directions The 4 main points of the compass: N, E, S, W
Intermediate Directions The 4 points of the compass that fall between the main points: NE, SE, SW, NW
Map Scale A tool on a map that shows the relationship between the distance on the map and the real distance on earth.
Relative Location The location of a place relative to other places. (Lake Erie is north of the Ohio River)
Modifying the Environment CHANGING the environment to meet human needs and wants.( Cutting trees)
Positive Consequences GOOD things that occur as a direct result of something that has happened (Trees are cut down to make fields to grow more crops to feed more people)
Negative Consequences BAD things that occur as a direct result of something that has happened (The open field where there used to be trees has fewer habitats for animals to live)
Timeline A tool that shows events which happened within a specific time period in chronological order; helps us study the past
Prehistoric Indians Indians that have NO primary source of WRITTEN language; no one wrote anything for us to read about them at the time they were alive.
Historic Indians Indians that HAVE a primary source of WRITTEN language; someone wrote about them for us to read about them at the time they were alive.
Primary Source of Information Source of information that was made or done by the people who were there at the time; 1st hand account.
Secondary Source of Information Source of information that was made or done by the people who were NOT there at the time; take lots of primary sources and combine. 2nd hand account
Evidence of cooperation Proof that a group or tribe WORKED TOGETHER for a common goal.
Evidence of Conflict Proof of problems or DISAGREEMENTS between each other or other groups
Cultural Practices The things the people of a culture DO. Includes foods they eat and things that they believe.
Cultural Products The things the people of a culture MAKE. Includes things they buy and use.
Barter To TRADE goods(stuff) WITHOUT using or exchanging money. (Trading cards)
Artifacts Objects made by people.