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Orchestra Terms

Quarter 4 Orchestra Vocabulary

up bow moving tip to frog
down bow moving frop to tip
detache a primarily connected bow stroke with distinct, seperate bows
slur connecting more than one note per bow without stopping
staccato short, stopped strokes with the bow remaining on the string
spiccato stroke with the bow bouncing off the string
portato slightly enunciate each note within a slur using bow weight and speed
arco with the bow
pizzicato plucked
martele hammered; heavily accented staccato
tremolo an effect produced by rapidly alternating down and up bows
staccato volant linked spiccato notes in the same direction
ricochet thrown/rebound stroke usually in groups of 2 or 3
flautando flute-like bowing played near the fingerboard
col legno the effect produced by striking the string with the stick
sul ponticello an icy, whistling effect produced by purposely playing too close to the bridge
alto clef used for viola and trombone to avoid excessive ledger lines: middle C is the center line
tenor clef used for cello, trombone, bassoon and double bass: middle C is the fourth line from the bottom
vibrato slight variation of pitch by the left hand motion used to add warmth
Created by: STrisko