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Neely Vocab 01

Geography The study of the earth in all its variety
Landform Individual features of the land
Environment Natural surroundings
Region Area that shares common characteristics
Global Positioning System (GPS) Group of satellites that travels around the earth, which can be used to locate exact places on the earth
Global Information System (GIS) Special software that helps geographers gather and use information about a place
Solar System Earth, other planets, and thousands of smaller bodies that all revolve around the sun
Orbit Path that a body in the solar system travels around the sun
Atmosphere Layer of air surrounding the earth
Axis Imaginary line that runs through the earth's center between the North and South poles; also the horizontal or vertical line of measurement on a graph
Revolution One complete orbit around the sun
Leap Year Year that has an extra day; occurs every fourth year
Summer Solstice Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest hours of darkness
Winter Solstice Day with the fewest hours of sunlight and the most hours of darkness
Equinox Day when day and night are of equal length in both hemispheres
Core Center of the earth, formed of hot iron mixed with other metals
Mantle Rock layer about 1,800 miles thick between the core and the crust
Magma Hot melted rock that sometimes flows to the earth's surface in a volcanic eruption
Crust Uppermost layer of the earth
Continent Massive land area
Earthquake Violent and sudden movement of the earth's crust
Plate Tectonics Theory that the earth's crust is not an unbroken shell but consists of plates, or huge slabs of rocks that move
Tsunami Huge sea wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
Fault Crack in the earth's crust
Weathering Process that breaks surface rocks into boulders, gravel, sand, and soil
Erosion Process of moving weathered materials on the earth's surface
Glacier Giant slow-moving sheets of ice
Elevation Height above sea level
Plain Low-lying stretch of flat or gently rolling land
Plateau Flat land with higher elevation than a plain
Isthmus Narrow piece of land that connects two larger pieces of land
Peninsula Piece of land with water on three sides
Island Body of land smaller than a continent and surrounded by water
Trench Valley in the ocean floor
Continental Shelf Plateau off each coast of a continent that lies under the ocean and stretches for several miles
Strait Narrow body of water between two pieces of land
Channel Body of water wider than a strait between two pieces of land
Delta Area formed from soil deposited by a river at its mouth
Created by: mjneely1229