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ch. 1

geography

TermDefinition
1.geography the study of where people,places,and things are located
2.GIS use computers technology to collect manipulate, analyze and display data
3.absolute location the position on the globe
4.hemisphere a half of the earth;the equator divides the northern and southern hemisphere;the prime meridian divides the eastern an western hemisphere
5.relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
6.character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place
7.perception a viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experiences
8.formal region a group of places that have similar attribute for examples a political region
9.functional region a group of places connected by movement for example the region drained by the amazon river and it tributaries
10.perceputal region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitude
11.core the earth's center,consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid in the outer core
12.mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earths core
13.crust the solid rocky surface layer of the earth
14.lithosphere the surface features of the earth including soil rock and land form
15.atmosphere the layer of gases water vapor and other substance above the earth
16hydrosphere the consist of water in oceans lakes and rivers and even under the ground
17.biosphere the world of plants animals,and other living things that occupy the land and water of the planet
18.continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earths surface africa antartica asia austraila europe north america and south america
19.relief the differences in elevation of height of the land forms in any particular area
20.plate tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell plates or slabs of rock whose constant movement explain earthquakes and volcanic activity
21.continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plate on which they ride
22.ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean
23.weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down,eventually becoming soil
24.mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by force such as ice and roots
25.chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26.acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution pollutes water kills plants and animals life and eat away at the surface of stone and rock a form of chemical weathering
27.erosion the movement of weathered materials including gravel soil and sand usually caused by water wind and glaciers
28.sediment particles of soil and rocks carried and deposited by water wind or ice
29.loess fine-grained mineral-rich lam dust or silt deposited by the wind
30.glacier a huge slow-moving mass of snow and ice
31.moraine a ridge like mass of rock gravel sand and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: lorenadeleon