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Language of Anatomy


Anatomical Position - Errect body - feet slightly apart - head and toes forward - arms at sides - palms forward
Axial The trunk of the body - relates to head and the neck
Appendicular hips on down - appendages or limbs
inferior the part of the body located below another (body and torso)
Superior the part of the body located above another (body and torso) - the heart is superior to the liver
Anterior/Ventral nearer to or front of the body - the sternum (breastbone) is anterior to the heart
posterior/Dorsal Nearer to or at the back of the body - the esophagus is posterior to the trachea (windpipe)
Medial nearer to the midline - the ulna is medial to the radius
lateral farther from the midline - the lungs are lateral to the heart
Intermediate Between two structures - the transverse colon is intermediate to the ascending and descending colons
Proximal nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the origination of a structure - the humerus is proximal to the radius
Distal farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; father from the origination of a structure - the phalanges are distal to he carpals
Superficial toward or on the surface of the body - The ribs are superficial to the lungs
deep the ribs are deep to the skin of the chest and back
Sagittal Plane a vertical plane that divides the body or organ into right and left sides
Midsagittal (medial) when a plane passes through the midline of a body or an organ and divides it into two equal right and left sides
Frontal divides the body into anterior and posterior planes
Transverse(horizontal) divides the body or organ into superior and inferior portions
Oblique section passes through the body or an organ at an oblique angle (any angle other than 90 degrees)
Dorsal Cavity protect the nervous system and is divided into two subdivisions
cranial Cavity within the skull and contains the brain
Vertebral runs within the vertebral column and contains the spinal cord and beginnings of spinal nerves
Ventral Cavity contains the internal organs (viscera) and is divided into two subdivisions; thoracic and abdominopelvic
Plural Cavities each surrounds a lung
Mediastinum central portion of thoracic cavity between the lungs, extends from sternum to vertebral column and from first rib to diaphragm - contains heart thymus esophagus trachea and several large blood vessels
pericardial Cavity surrounds the heart
Adbominopelvic Cavity subdivided into abdominal and pelvic cavities
abdominal Cavity contains; stomach spleen, lier, gallbladder, small intestine and most of the large intestine
Pelvic Cavity lies within the pelvis and contains urinary bladder, portions of large intestine, and internal organs of reproduction and rectum
Created by: geneels1s