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world geogr

chapter 1 vocab

TermDefinition
geography the geography of the earths surface
GIS a geographic information system
absolute the position on the earth in which a place can be found
hemisphere a half of the earth
relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
character of a place the physical and human characteristics
percepation a veiw point that is influnced by ones culture or expereinces
formal region a group of regions that have similar attributes
functional region a group of places connected by movement
perceptual region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes
core the earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense
mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earth core
crust the solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth
lithosphere the surface features of the
atmossphere the layer of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
hydrosphere the contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground
biosphere the world of plants, animals, and other living things in earths land and waters
continent any of the large landmasses of the earths surface
relief the differnces of earths elevation
plate tectonics
continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement
ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean
wearthering
mechanical wearthering the actual breaaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
chemical wearthering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed
acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from
erosion the movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil, and sand, usually caused
sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water wind or ice
loess fine-grained mineral rich loam dust or silt deposited by the wind
glacier a huge, slow moving mass of snow and ice
moraine
Created by: austinbetteridge