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world geography per6

chapter oen vocab

1:geography the study of the earths surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between places, and the complex relationships between people and their environments.
2:gis a geographic informational system, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze in order to solve geographic problems.
3:absolute location the position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4:hemisphere a half of the earths, the equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemispheres.
5:relative location the position of a place in relation to another place.
6:character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help tp distinguish a place from other places.
7:perception a viewpoint that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8:formal religion a group of places that have similar attributes, for example a political region.
9:functional region a group of places connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the amazon river and its tributaries.
10:perceptual region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes.
11: core the earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid in the outer core.
12: mantle: a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earths core.
13: crust: the solid, rocky, surface later of the earth.
14: lithosphere the surface features of the earth including soil rocks and land forms.
15: atmosphere the layer of gases water vapor and other substances above the earth.
16: hydrosphere the water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
17: bioshpere the world of plants animals, and other living things in earths land and waters.
18: continent any of seven large landmasses of the earths surface, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, north america, and south america
19: relief the difference in elevation, or height, of the land forms in any particular area.
20: plate tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large unachored plates or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
21: continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
22: ring of fire the ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
23: weathering the chemical or mechanical process which rock is gradually broken down eventually becoming soil.
24: mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
25: chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock.
26: acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock a form of chemical weathering.
27: erosion the movement of weathered materials including gravel soil and sand usually caused by water wind and glaciers.
28: sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water wind or ice.
29: loess fine grained mineral rich loam dust or silt deposit by the wind.
30: glacier a huge, slow moving mass of snow and ice.
31: moraine a ridge like mass of rock gravel sand and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: caleblong on 2013-08-30

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