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Geographhy4.13

Chapter 1

TermDefinition
1.Geography The study of earth's surface and the processes that shape it.
2.Functional Region A group of places connected by movement.
3.Character of a Place The physical and Human characteristics that help distinguish a place from other places.
4.Absolute Location The position on the earth in which a place can be found.
5.Formal Region A group of places that have similar attributes.
6.GIS A geographic information system, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
7.Hemispheres A half of the earth. North/South is separated by the equator, East/West is separated by the Prime Meridian.
8.Relative Location The position of a place in relation to another place.
9.Perceptual Region A group of places that is defined by peoples' attitudes and feelings.
10.Perception A viewpoint that is influenced by ones own experiences and cultures.
11.Core The earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid, in the outer core.
12.Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
13.Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth.
14.Lithosphere The surface features of the earth including soil rocks and land forms.
15.Atmosphere The layer of the gases water vapor and other substances above the earth
16.Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers and under the ground.
17.Biosphere The world of plants animals and other living things in earth's land and waters.
18.Continent Any of the seven large landmasses of the earths surface: Africa, Antarctica, North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
19.Relief The differences in elevation or height of the land forms in any particular area
20.Plate Tectonics The theory that the earth's outer shell is made up of a number of large unanchored plates, or slabs or rocks,whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
21.Continental Drift theory The idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movements of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
22.Ring of fire A ring of volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean.
23.Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down eventually becoming soil.
24.Mechanical Weathering The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rocks by forces such as ice and roots
25.Chemical Weathering The process by which the actual chemical structure of the rock is changed, usually water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26.Acid Rain Rain whose high concentrate of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away the surface of stone and rock;a form of chemical weathering
27.Erosion The movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil and sand, usually caused by water wind and glaciers
28.Sediment Particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water, wind or ice
29.Loess Fine-grained, mineral rich loam dust or silt deposited by the wind.
30.Glacier A huge, slow moving mass of snow and ice
31.Moraine A ridge like mass of rock, gravel sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: jayceepannell