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World Geography10

TermDefinition
1.Geography The study of the earth's surface and the process that shape it,the connections between places, and the complex relationships between people and their environments.
2.GIS A geographic information system, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems
3.Absolute Location The position on the earth in which a place can be found
4.Hemispher A half of the earth; the Equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres; the prime meridian divides the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
5.Relavtive Location The position of a place in relation to another
6.Character of a Place The physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place form other places
7.Perception A viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and expressions
8.Formal Region A group of places that have similar attributes, for example, a political region.
9.Functional Region A group of places connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the Amazon River and its tributes
10.Perceptual Region A group of places that is defined by people's feelings and attitudes.
11.Core The earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
12. Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living thing's in the earth's land and water
13.Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
14.Continent Any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South Anerica
15. Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth.
16. Relief The differences in elevation, or height, of the landform's in any particular area
17. Lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil, rocks, and landforms
18. Plate tectonics The theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, unanchored plates, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity
19. atmoshphere The layer of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
20. Continental drift theory The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers
21. Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground
22. Ring of fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the Pacific Ocean
23. Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24. Sediment Particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water, wind, or ice.
25. Mechanical weathering The actual breaking down up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots,
loess Fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind,
Chemical Weathering The process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
Glacier A huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice.
Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
Moraine A ridgelike mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Erosion The movement of weathered materials, including gravel,soil, and sand, usually caused by ,wind water, and glaciers
Created by: ThomasNelson