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VOCABULARY

for vocab

QuestionAnswer
1 geography define the study of the earths surface and the process that shape it.
2 GIS define a geographic system which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earths surface.
3 absolute location define the position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4 hemisphere define a half of the earth.
5 relative location define the position of a place in relation to another place.
6 character define the physical and human characteristics that help distinguish a place from other places.
7 perception define a view point that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8 formal region define a group of regions that have similar attributes.
9 functional region define a group of regions connected by movement.
10 perceptual region define a group of places defined by peoples feelings.
11 core the earths center.
12 mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust.
13 crust the rocky solid surface layer of the earth.
14 lithosphere the surface features of the earth.
15 atmosphere the layer of gasses, water vapor, and other substances.
16 hydrosphere the water contained in oceans, lakes and rivers.
17 biosphere the world of plants, animals, and other living things.
18 continent any of the seven large land masses of the earth surface.
19 relief the difference in elevation or height in any particular area.
20 plate tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell is composed of many pieces.
21 continental drift theory the theory that all the continents slowly mved to their current places.
22 ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains that circle the pacific ocean.
23 weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down eventually becoming soil.
24 mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
25 chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of the rock is changed usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26 acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, pollutes water kills plant and animal life and eats away at the surface of the stones and rocks.
27 erosion the movement of weathered material like soil, sand, and gravel.
28 sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water wind or ice.
29 loess fined grained mineral rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind.
30 glacier a huge slow moving mass of snow and ice.
31 moraine a ridge like mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a a glacier.
Created by: Gabe Hopkins