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World Geography

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1.Geography Where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other.
2.GIS Uses computer technology to collect, manipulate, analyze and display data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.Absolute Location It's position on the globe.
4.Hemisphere Half.
5.Relative Location It's relation compared to other places.
6.Character of a Place Consists of the place's physical characteristics and human characteristics.
7.Perception Viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experiences.
8.Formal Region Areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area.
9.Functional Region Consist of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it.
10.Perceptual Region Defined by people's feelings and attitudes about areas.
11.Core Center.
12.Mantle Thick layer of rock, around the core.
13.Crust Rocky surface layer.
14.Lithosphere Soil, rocks, and other surface features.
15.Atmosphere Layer of air, water and other substances above the surface.
16.Hydroshepere Consists of water in oceans, lakes and rivers, even under the ground.
17.Biosphere world of plants, animals and other living things that occupy the land and waters of the planet.
18.Continents Large landmasses placed in the oceans.
19.Relief The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest points.
20.Plate Tectonics The theory that the Earth's outer shell isn't one solid sheet of rock.
21.Continental Drift Theory A supercontinent broke up into seperate continenets.
22.Ring of Fire A circle of volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
23.Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil.
24.Mechanical Weathering The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
25.Chemical Weathering The process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when in water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock.
26.Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock;a form of chemical weathering.
27.Erosion The movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil, and sand, usually caused by water, wind and glaciers.
28.Sediment Particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water, wind, and ice.
29.Loess Fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind.
30.Glacier A huge, slow moving mass of snow and ice.
31.Moraine A ridgelike mass of rock, gravel, sand and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: schmidt55