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AP World History

Valhalla High School Bentley AP World Ch. 8

TermDefinitionSignificanceUnitTime PeriodChapterRegion
Sima Qian Wrote the history of China, Which took over a decade Because of his devotion to write the history of China, he helped people from every time period, by showing them the flaws and greats of the dynasty Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 99B.C.E Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Kong Fuzi A Chinese thinker who wrote the analects Because of his role as the primary philosopher/spreader of confucianism, he effected many peoples thoughts about how to live their lives Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 551-479B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Eunichs Men who were castrated due to prior mistakes Effected the ways that the emperors of the time ruled, by helping to guide them into certain decisions Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 500B.C.E-500C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Ren an attitude of kindness and benevolence Stressed the importance of kindness to all people, and led to a better empire Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies fifth century B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Li A sense of propriety Stressed that everyone treats each other right andd that even if someone wrongs you, to turn the other cheek Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Fifth century B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Xiao Filial piety, or importance of family Confucius believed that if this and other traits were modeled in a person, that person would gain influence Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Fifth century B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Dao, Daoism a faith in which individuals struggled to understand nature Biggest contenders of Confucianism at the time. This fait gave a alternative to Confucianism, so people could have a choice in which religion, they wanted to worship Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 396B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Qin ShiHuangdi The first emperor of the Qin Dynasty Took over the title of emperor, and within fourteen years the dynasty collapsed. This emperor established a centralized imperial rule, that effected all the empires after Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 221-210B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Chinese script An ancient writing system, introduced by Qin Shihuangdi Unified all of China with one way to communicate Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Developed During Qin Shihuangdi's life Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Liu Bang Restored China with the Han Dynasty Established the Han Dynasty after the collapse of the Qin, and therefore, once again unified China Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Around 206B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Han Wudi The "Martial Emperor" controlled the Han Dynasty for fifty-four years Built a bureaucracy for the Han Empire, and relied on Legalists principles Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 141B.C.E.-87B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Korea Invaded by Han Wudi Han Wudi brought them under the Han rule Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 500B.C.E-500C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China Korea
Bactria The Xiongnu controlled up to this point Enabled the Xiongnu to control a vast area, and increased the Xiongnu's trade Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 235B.C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Hegemony A leadership excersized by the Han Gave the Han a profound influence in east and central Asia Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 500B.C.E-500C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Yellow Turban Uprising The lack of the Han emperors equal land distribution, which led to a revolt A serious revolt that tested the Han state Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Late second century C.E. Chapter 8, The Unification of China China
Castration Young men and boys underwent castration in order to pursue carres as eunuchs Allowed for men and boys of undistinguished births to gain higher status and work for ruling elites Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 221 b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Period of the Warring States A time of political and cultural unrest in China Greatly impacted the views and cultures of the Chinese population. Also led to the creation of different and new philosophies Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 403-221 b.c.c Chapter 8 China
Analects Book written by Chinese philosopher Kong Fuzi(aka Confucius) The book greatly influenced Chinese political and cultural traditions Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 551-479 b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Laozi Chinese sage who was considered the founder of Daoism and also contributed to the Daodejing ( Classic of the way and of Virtue) His creation of Daoism provided people another way of reaching salvation amidst chaos and political unrest Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies sixth century b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Legalism A belief that stated that in order to gain peace in a time of unrest the government should devote their attention to the state and stregthen it at all cost(created during the Zhou dynasty) Greatly increased the suppression of the Chinese people Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies fourth century b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Great Wall Wall created by Ming dynasty leaders to provide protection against foreign invaders Allowed for the Chinese to have a barrier between them and their enemies and allowed for greater defense in an invasion or attack Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies fourth century b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Chang’an Cosmopolitan city which served as a capital for Han emperors During the Han dynasty it became the cultural capitol of China Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 206 b.c.e- 9c.e Chapter 8 China
Xiongnu Nomadic peoples from the steppes of central Asia who spoke a Turkish language Posed the greatest foreign threat to China during the reign of Han Wudi( emperor of the Han Dynasty) Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies 4th-3rd centuries b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Silk A fine thread that when woven becomes an important export Greatlty increased trade in China due to its vast amount of silk to be traded to foreign lands Part II, The Formation of Classical Societies Second century b.c.e Chapter 8 China
Created by: vhsapworld on 2008-04-20



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