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Gen. Science Mod #1

Apologia General Science Modual 1

Science A branch of study dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world
Papyrus A primitive form of paper made from a long leafed plant of the same name
Ancient Egyptians Trial and error
Thales Explained movement of stars and planets
Anaximander Tried to explain origin of human life
Anaximenes Believed air was the most basic substance in nature
Lucippus Proposed all matter of atoms
Democritus All things are made of atoms which are in constant motion
Aristotle Father of life science. First to make a large scale attempt at the classification of animals and plants
Ptolemy He believed the earth was at the center of the universe
Robert Grossetestes Considered the father of scientific method
Roger Bacon Student of Grossetestes. He believed the more man knew about science, the more man knew about God
Galileo Galilei Said he "invented" the telescope, even though he did not. Recanted Heliocentric belief to Roman Catholic Church
Nicholas Copernicus Heliocentric System
Johannes Kepler Compiled more evidence for Heliocentric system
Sir Isaac Newton Greatest scientist in the history of the world, he formulated a universal law of gravitation and developed the mathematical law of calculus; this person said "Science = Math!"
Robert Boyle Founder of modern chemistry
Antoni Leeuwenhoek Built the first microscope of life forms such as bacteria
Carolus Linnaeus Created modern system of classification
Antoine Laurent Laviosier First to analyze chemical reactions in a systematic way. Law of mass conservation
John Dalton Founder of modern atomic theory
Charles Darwin Wrote "The origin of the species" Proposed theory of evolution
Lewis Pasteur Developed process called pasteurization. Destroyed idea of Spontaneous Generation
Gregor Mendel Studied modern genetics but gave up scientific study because of political struggles between government and church
James Clerk Maxwell Founder of modern physics
Imhotep Ancient Egyptian doctor who was renouned for his knowledge of medicine
Law of Mass Conservation Matter cannot be created or destroyed; it can only change form
Atom Basic unit of matter
Andreas Vesalius A doctor who published a book in 1543 that tried to show all of the details of the human body
Nicholaus Copernicus Wrote a book in 1543 that said the earth and nearby planets rotated around the sun, which is in the center
Supernova An exploding star
Nebula A cloud of dust and gas in space that is the remains of a supernova
Encyclopedia Large volume of scientific observations and speculations
Dark Ages Time period after the fall of the Roman Empire when the fee exchange of ideas and scientific progress slowed throughout Europe
Alchemy The belief that lead (or other inexpensive substances) could be turned into gold (or other prcious substances)
Spontaneous Generation The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously fromed from non-living substances
Geocentric System The view that the stars and planets rotate around the earth, often called the Ptolemaic System
Archimedes Lived 100 years after Aristotle; one of the first scientists to demonstrate how closely mathematics and science are linked
Density How tightly atoms are packed in a substance
Chemical Reaction When one or more substances interact to form one or more new substances
Albert Einstein Formulated the special theory of relativity (E=mc^2) and the general theory of relativity
Quanta Theory that energy exists in small packets
Max Planck Scientist who proposed the idea of quanta, the basis of Quantum Mechanics
Niels Bohr Developed a model of the atom
Special Theory of Relativity Albert Einstein's theory that matter is really just another form of energy, described by the formula E=mc^2
General Theory of Relativity The second of Einstein's theories of relativity; it describes the effects of gravity on space and time
Sir Charles Lyell Studied geology to help define how old the earth was
First Law of Thermodynamics Matter cannot be created or destroyed but can only change forms; based on the work of James Joule
Michael Farady The "electrical giant", this scientist did experiments on electricity and developed the concept that electricity and magnetism are different aspects of the same process (electromagnetism)
Louis Pasteur Made great advances in the study of bacteria and other living organisms, and developed a process to keep wine from souring
Created by: KayliR