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Animal Diseases

Exam 1, Lecture 2

How long after bite would you see signs for Lyme Disease 2-3 months after
What is carrier for lyme disease white footed deer mouse
List 5 things about Kennel Cough 1. Very contagious 2. Multiple agents: Bordatella; Viruses- parainfluenza, herpes 3. mild form is temp cough exacerbated by exercise 4. Severe causes fever, anorexia, depression, pneumonia if immunocomp 5. Vaccine is kennel requirement
Most human diarrhea cases are caused by what Camplyobacterosis
List the zoonotic diseases 1. Campylobacterosis (most diarrhea cases) 2. Leptospirosis 3. Rabies 4. Giardia 5. Sarcoptic Mange 6. Ticks 7. Fleas 8. Dermatophytosis 9. Erythematous papular eruptions from Cat Scratch Disease 10. Toxoplasmosis
List 5 things about Capylobacterosis 1. Campylobacter jejuni 2. Asymptomatic 3. Young dogs 4. zoonotic 5. fecal-oral
Kennel Cough has multiple agents, name them 1. Bordatella 2. Parainfluenza virus 3. herpes virus
List 5 things about Lyme Disease 1. Borrelia burgdorferi 2. Tick-borne disease (lxodes), White-footed deer mouse 3. Polyarthritis w/ nonspeific signs 4. 2-3 mo after bite, 1-2 mo for seroconversion 5. "positive" for 18+ months
What is first line treatment for lyme disease? Doxycycline
List the diseases that are asymptomatic/nonspecific signs 1. Helicobacterosis 2. Campylobacterosis 3. Leptospirosis 4. Severe Kennel Cough 5. Distemper 6. Heartworm 7. Lymphoma
List 5 things about Helicobacterosis 1. G- spiral rods 2. Asymptomatic 3. Gastritis on histo 4. oral-oral, fecal-oral 5. Dogs, cats
List 4 things about B-Hemolytic Streptococcus 1. shipping related 2. Hemorrhagic pneumonia 3. Uncommon, but in facilities 4. Unsuitable for research
Which bacterial species causes Lyme Disease Borrelia burgdorferi
Which diseases are definitley not suitable for research 1. B-hemolytic Streptococcus 2. Leptospirosis 3. Ehrlichiosis 4. Rabies 5. Demodectic Mange 6. Lick Granuloma 7. Lymphoma (unless specifically being studied) 8. Fibrosarcoma (unless specifically being studied) 9. Hemangiosarcoma 10. Hyperthyroid
When you see shifting lameness in your dog or cat what is the possible disease? Lyme Disease
List 5 things about Leptospirosis 1. Leptospira interrogans, spirochete 2. Drinking water infected or abraded skin (urine) 3. Nonspecific signs 4. Renal failure, multiorgan hemorrhage 5. Fatal unless treated early
Ehrlichiosis 1. Ehrlichia canis, rickettsia 2. Tick-borne disease 3. Platelets, RBCs, lymphocytes 4. Seropositive dogs unsuitable for research 5. Bleeding, anemia, impaired immunity
Which diseases are known to cause a fever 1. Severe Kennel Cough 2. Leptospirosis 3. Distemper 4. Indwelling Catheters
What diseases are known to cause anorexia 1. Severe Kennel Cough 2. Leptospirosis
Which diseases are known to cause depression 1. Severe Kennel Cough 2. Leptospirosis
Which diseases are known to cause vomiting 1. Campylobacterosis 2. Helicobacterosis 3. Distemper 4. Leptospirosis 5. Roundworms
Which diseases are known to cause diarrhea 1. Campylobacterosis 2. Helicobacterosis 3. Parvovirus 4. Distemper 5. Giardia 6. Roundworms 7. Whipworms 8. Tapeworms 9. FECV
Which diseases have fecal-oral route 1. Helicobacterosis? 2. Campylobacterosis 3. Parvovirus 4. Giardia 5. Roundworms 6. Whipworms 7. FIP 8. Toxoplasmosis
Which disease is known to cause multiorgan hemorrhage and renal failure Leptospirosis
Which age is prone to Parvovirus 6-20 weeks
5 things about Parvo 1. Very contagious 2. Infections rapidly dividing cells 3. Severe diarrhea, immunosuppression 4. Fatal 5. Biosecurity issue
Parvovirus infects rapidly dividing cells, name which ones specifically 1. Intestinal crypt cells 2. Necrotizing enteritis 3. Bone marrow
Which diseases are a biosecurity issue and should be euthanized to minimize spread 1. Parvovirus 2. Distemper
5 things about Distemper 1. Moribillivirus (Paramyxovirus) 2. Crusty nose and pads 3. Neuro signs month after infection 4. Very contagious in unusual species like sea lions 5. Aerosolization
Crusty nose and pads is an obvious sign in which disease Distemper
5 things about Rabies 1. Contagious to all warm blooded 2. 3 stages 3. Fatal few days-wk after signs start 4. 10-day quarantine and reportable in PA 5. Dogs and cats
List the Progression of Disease in Rabies 1. Prodromal: change in species specific behavior 2. Furious: easily excitable & hyperactive 3. Paralytic: ascending ataxia
5 things about Giardia 1. Light colored, foul smelling diarrhea 2. Seen on fecal float 3. No long term consequences 4. Drinking water, fecal oral 5. 2 eyes in histo= giardia
What diseases can be seen on fecal float 1. Giardia 2. Roundworms 3. Tapeworms (proglottis)
Which diseases are contracted through infected water 1. Lepto 2. Giardia
5 things about roundworms 1. Toxocara canis, felis, leonina 2. Subclinical- intussesception obstruction, potbellied pups, VLM pneumonia 3. Transplacental (pulmonary), transmammary (cats)
Which disease can be transmitted from mom to babies via breastfeeding Roundworms (cats)
Describe difference in histology between Toxocara spp. and Toxocaris leonina Toxocara spp. has pitted shell and toxocaris leonina has smooth outerlining
5 things about Whipworms 1. Trichuris vulpis, rare in N. amer cats 2. ingests tissue fluid and blood; ab pain 3. tip is not head 4. mainly dog disease 5. Eggs very hardy, thick wall
Which disease has false negatives on fecal float Whipworms
5 things about Heartworm 1. Dirofilaria immitis 2. Mosquitos transmit 3. Treatment can be hazardous 4. Dogs and cats 5. Ivermectin
5 things about Tapeworms 1. Dipylidium 2. Transmitted by fleas or lice 3. Dogs and cats 4. Diarrhea and poor growth 5. Easily treated
5 things about Demodectic Mange 1. Demodex canis, unbiquitous 2. Alopecia, pruritis of ears & rears 3. Deep skin scrape required 4. Lives on dog 5. Generalized = underlying disease
5 things about Sarcoptic Mange 1. Sarcoptes scabiei 2. Intense pruritis of lightly furred areas 3. Direct dog to dog spread 4. Species specific 5. Unlike Demodex mange, sarcoptic mange can survive says off the animal
What is core difference between Demodex mange and Sacroptic Mange Sarcoptic mange can survive days off of the animal
5 things about Lice 1. Sucking lice (Linognathus) feed on blood, anemia if severe 2. Biting lice (Trichodectes) feed on tissue fluid, local itch, dermatitis, alopecia 3. Host specific 4. Tricho has prominent mandibles 5. Easily treated in dogs and cats
5 things about Ticks 1. Requires vertebrate hosts to survive (blood meal) 2. Localized pruritis 3. Tick bite paralysis (Dermacentor) 4. Vector for more serious diseases (RMSF, Lyme) 5. Easily treated
5 things about Fleas 1. Ctenocephalides felis 2. Flea Allergy Dermatitis = generalized pruritis not directly from bite 3. Dog-to-dog and free living 4. Vector for tapeworms 5. Immune system rxn to antigens in flea saliva
5 things about Ear Mites 1. Otodectes cynotis 2. Otitis externa 3. Thick, brown exudate 4. Irritation and pruritus 5. Easily treated in dogs and cats
5 things about Dermatophytosis 1. Microsporum, Trichophyton – “Ringworm” 2. Circumscribed area of alopecia, crust, minimal inflammation 3. Highly contagious across species 4. Brittle hair 5. Skin scrape or Wood's Lamp (unreliable)
5 things about Lick Granuloma 1. Self trauma, endorphin release 2. Boredum 3. Redness to ulceration 4. Dogs and cats 5. Enrichment and E-collars
5 things about Hygroma 1. repeated trauma over bony prominence 2. Elbow 3. Non-painful 4. Conservative treatment like padding 5. Fluid filled
5 things about Indwelling Catheters 1. VAPs: easy blood collection 2. Thrombus formation or Sepsis occurs 3. Tx: remove 4. Lethargym tachycardia, incr CRT 5. Dogs (often) and cats
5 things about Aspiration 1. Intake of foreign materials into lungs 2. Gavaging, Anesthesia 3. Cough, may incr to pneumonia (bacterial or chem) 4. Supportive care 5. Dogs and cats
5 things about Lymphoma 1. Multicentric and alimentary 2. Enlarged thickened organs, white-tan infiltrate 3. Hypercalcemia 4. Chem works well if early 5. Bloated with lymphocytes
Fibrosarcoma 1. Fibroblasts, malignant 2. Skin, subq, oral cavity 3. rapid expansion, runs deep 4. Surgery + radiation 5. Often recurs "roots"
Which issue may be vaccine related in cats Fibrosarcoma
Lipoma 1. Benign tumor of adipocytes 2. Abdomen, subq 3. Soft, encapsulated 4. No treatment 5. Strangulation -> necrosis
Hemangiosarcoma 1. Malignant tumors of endothelial cells 2. Spleen & Rt atrium most commonly affected 3. Large nodular masses can/will rupture…fatal 4. Surgery + chemo 5. Spreads easily and rapidly
Mammary Gland Tumor 1. Hormone induced (estrogen) 2. 50:50 benign:malignant 3. Minimal risk if spayed dog 4. Surgery only 5. 1 out of 4 occurrence if 2 cycles
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia 1. Induced by testosterone or estrogen 2. Old, male, intact dogs 3. Hematuria 4. Not a tumor, abnormal growth tissue 5. straining
Psuedopregnancy 1. Decr progesterone, incr prolactin 2. 9+ old intact female dogs 3. 6-12 weeks after last heat 4. All pregnancy signs: contractions, lactation, nesting 5. Diuretics for homrone therapy or skillfull neglect, spay after
Cherry Eye 1. Hyperplasia & prolapse of nictitating membrane (3rd eyelid) 2. Tearing and discharge 3. Ventromedial red mass 4. Steroids, surgery 5. More common in dogs
Interdigital Cyst 1. Not a cyst, really chronic inflammation 2. Redness to ulcer, lameness 3. Steroids, footbaths 4. Common in dugs 5. Due to size and flooring
Helicobacterosis Model 1. H. felis is similar to H. pylori (humans) 2. Cats have both 3. Gastritis and gastric carcinomas
FeLV 1. Model for retroviral oncogenesis: LSA, Leukemia, Aplastic anemia 2. Pereistsnetly viremic (virus in saliva & secretions) 3. ELISA test 4. Fatal 5. Eliminate cats from colony
FIV 1. Lentivirus closely related to HIV 2. Peresistent viremina in presence of antibodies 3. Fatal due to secondary infections 4. Elim cats frm colony
FIP 1. Coronavirus infecting macrophages 2. "Hidden" from serology 3. Survives in environment for months 4. C-Abs not effective again FIPV 5. Effusions and granulomas
FECV 1. Nearly identical to FIPV, so won't prevent them from FIP infection 2. Ubiquitous 3. Antibodies stop disease 4. Feline enteric coronavirus 5. Mild diarrhea
Feline Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) 1. Multiple causes: intact males, high protein diet 2. Hematuria, dysuria (straining) 3. Urethral obstruction (emergency), fatal 4. Struvite crystals usually present -> kidney issues 5. Dietary management to prevent, surgery to curve
Which disease is especially common in intact orange males FLUTD
Hyperthyroidism 1. Old cats 2. Hypersecretory adenoma (benign) 3. Weight loss with incr appetite 4. Masks kidney failure (PU/PD) 5. Daily medicine, surgery, I-131
Cat Scratch Disease 1. Bartonella henselae 2. Cat-to-cat & fleas 3. Cat-to-human bite 4. Erythematous papular eruptions (nonspecific signs) 5. Flea control and proper wound care
Toxoplasmosis 1. Toxoplasma gondii 2. From ingesting infected wildlife 3. Oocytes infective after 2-5 days 4. Usually subclinical 5. Severe repro issues in pregnant women
Created by: NinaP183