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M6 13-005

Exam 14: Test Review

What is tissue damage or damage to the blood vessel ? This stimulates the clotting cascade.
What is fibrinolysis? The process which breaks down a clot.
What is thrombocytopenia ? Low platelets or a change in platelet function
What is thrombocytopenia purpura ? Most common cause of platelet destruction
What is hemophilia ? Clinical manifestations of this clotting disorder include muscle and joint deformity, hemarthrosis, pain and ecchymosis
What is O negative ? The universal donor.
What are packed RBCs ? Blood product that restores oxygen carrying capacity but has less volume than whole blood.
What is plasma or serum ? This substance makes up 55% of the blood's volume
What is cryoprecipitate ? Preparation rich in factor VIII. Used to treat hemophilia
What is albumin ? Chief protein of blood. Intravascular volume expander
What are needle stick injuries ? Most cases of HIV in health care workers are caused by.
What is viral load monitoring ? The main test used to determine the progression of HIV.
What is pneumocystis carinii ? Opportunistic pneumonia common in AIDS patients.
What are T-helper cells or CD4 cells ? Name of lymph cells invaded by HIV to cause AIDS.
What are: mother - to-baby, vaginal or anal intercourse, using contaminated drug equipment ? Name the 3 most common routes of transmission of HIV.
What is iron deficiency ? The most common cause of microcytic anemia.
What is erythropoietin ? The hormone that stimulates RBC production
What is pernicious anemia ? Anemia caused by lack of adequate intrinsic factor.
Created by: jtzuetrong