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"geography wilsonm2

world geography vocabulary words Chapter 1

TermDefinition
Geography is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features of the earth.
Absolute location the exact place on earth where a geographic features is found
Equator the imaginary line that encircles the globe, dividing the earth into northern and southern halves
Hemisphere each half of the globe
Relative location describes a place in relation to other place around it
Prime meridian the imaginary line at zero meridian used to measure longitude east to west, and dividing the earth’s east and west halves; also called the Greenwich Meridian because it passes through Greenwich, England
Latitude (lines) a set of imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator, and that are used in locating places north or south of the equator is labeled the zero-degree line for latitude
Longitude (lines) a set of imaginary lines that go around the earth over the poles, dividing it east and west. The prime meridian is labeled the zero-degree line for longitude
Globe a three-dimensional representation of the earth
Map a two-dimensional graphic representation of selected pars of the earth’s surface
Cartographer a mapmaker
Map projection a way of mapping the earth’s surface that reduces distortion caused by converting three dimensions into two dimensions
Topographic map a general reference map; a representation of natural and man-made feature on the earth
Landsat a series of satellites that orbit more than 100 miles above the earth Each satellite picks up data in an area 115 miles wide
Geographic Information System (GIS) technology that uses digital map information to create a databank; different “data layers” can be combined to produce specialized maps. GIS allows geographers to analyze different aspects of a specific place to solve problems.
Created by: wilsonm2