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Japan Yo

Who was Amaterasu? She was the sun goddess who hid in a cave for several years so the world was in darkness. She eventually came out and light came back into the world. This is based on a Japanese legend for hope.
Who were believed to be descendants of Amaterasu? Japanese rulers and emperors
What is the land area of japan? what percentage of it is compared to alberta? Japan has a land area of 380,000 and is about 80% the size of alberta
Even though the size of Japan is smaller than Alberta's, it always had a greater population. What was the population by 1600? 12 million!
What cover 80% of Japan? Forested mountains and steep valleys
Only about 18% of the land is used for... Agriculture and settlement
Where do most people live? Along the coast
What are the closest countries that Japan is isolated from? Russia, China and Korea
Define Archipelago A long chain of islands
Why is travel between China and Japan difficult? The sea separating them is really rough
When did China and Japan come in contact with each other? As early as the 200's
When did immigration to Japan from China and Korea start? the 500's
When did Europeans gain the technology to travel to Japan? Why was it still extremely difficult? They got the technology after the 1500's and it was still hard to get there because it took many months and the ocean was really dangerous to travel
What was the name of the writing system the Japanese borrowed from China? Kanji
After acouple years of using kanji, the Japanese put their own spin on it and renamed it... Kana
Japan was a self-sufficient country. What does it mean to be self sufficient? When the country doesn't depend on other countries for resources. it provides itself with all that it needs
Who provided the food? Fishers and Farmers
Where did wood for building and fuel come from? Forests (duh)
What provided material for clothes? Cotton plants and silk worms
Japan doesn't have a lot of arable land. What does arable mean? Arable means that it is suitable for growing plants and stuff
What was the main food for Japan? Rice
What was rice used for other than food? Rice was part of Japans money system
What was the main source of protein for the Japanese? Fish
What else was very common in there diet? Soy and seaweed
When the Japanese say that they consider themselves a "Homogeneous Society" what do they mean? They mean that they consider themselves a great unified family with common values and beliefs
What geographic factory contributes to this way of thinking and why? the sea contributes to this way of thinking because most people lived on the coast so the sea was an easy way to travel around the islands and exchange ideas, beliefs and values. it also was for trading
Does Japan have regular or irregular weather patterns? REGULAR (VERY PREDICTABLE)
What happened every time the seasons changed? A celebration/ritual was held
Cherry blossoms are very cherished in Japanese culture. Why? they believe it represents new beginnings, beauty and the shortness of life and beauty
what are Japanese indigenous people called? Ainu People
The Ainu people consider things such as thunder and fire gods called... Kamuy
What is the most important god for the Ainu people? The brown bear
What is the ancient religion of Japan? Shinto
What is the most important aspect of Shinto? The love for nature
Where does this way of thinking come from? They believe that when someone dies, there spirit becomes a part of nature
What do human spirits become according to the Shinto religion? Kami (nature)
Since Shinto doesn't have a founder or a set of rules, a lot of Japanese people turn to what religions? Buddhism and Confucianism
Why is the location of Japan not in there favour? Because it is located where a lot of tectonic plates shift
What happens when the plates shift? Earthquakes
When does Japan experience Earthquakes? around every decade or so
What are typhoons and where do they develop? They are violent tropical storms that develop over the Pacific Ocean
What does it mean to be stoic When someone is stoic, it means that they control their emotions and go through difficult times with patience
For several thousand years, where did the Ainu live? In the northern part of Japan
What does the word Ainu mean? Human
When the Japanese started to take over the Ainu's land, they renamed the land... Hokkaido
The Japanese wanted to assimilate the Ainu. What does assimilate mean? to change something
What major changes happened with the Ainu people? They couldn't speak their language, they couldn't practice any of there customs and they had to move to land that the government appointed them
They were given farm land. Why wasn't this a very practical thing for the Ainu? There society was based on hunting and fishing, not farming
What are the four main islands of Japan? Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido
Tokugawa became very powerful after defeating rival damaiyo. He become the shogun. What was a shogun? He was the military ruler of edo Japan
in order to hold onto his power, the shogun made some rules to keep his people in order. What were some of these rules 1. Every second year the damaiyo had to leave their families and live in edo 2. Levels of government were established. The shogun took care of issues that effected the whole country and the damaiyo handles local affairs 3. Many strict laws were made
classes in society were hereditary. what does this mean? That you were born into that class
Who were the damaiyo? Powerful land owners or nobles. They had a degree of power but had to pay respect to the shogun, as everyone else
Who were samurai? They were powerful warriors who were the only people allowed to carry a sword. They were forbidden from business or trade. They were known as the masters of the lower class but they served daimyo
Who were peasants? They were farmers and were considered very important in Edo Japan because they were primary producers. Laws controlled EVERY ASPECT of there lives though. They couldn't eat or drink certain things and couldn't leave the district without special permission
Who were artisans? They were crafts people. They couldn't leave the class or craft they were born into. they were considered lower than peasants because they were secondary producers. They made things such as clocks, pans, pots etc
Who were women in Edo society? Women were relatively important and were born int certain roles and responsibilities. they had to raise children and plants the crops for there husband. They were still considered lower than men and had no legal existence and they couldn't own property.
Who were merchants? They were people who bought items from artisans to trade or sell. They were in charge or shipping and distribution of food. Since they didn't produce anything, they were officially at the bottom of the heap and couldn't brag about anything
Who were outcasts? They were people who were shunned because of there work. Their jobs usually had something to do with death, so if you were a butcher or a a leather maker you were an outcast. some entertainer and people with leprosy also were considered outcasts
What was Confucianism and who started it? It was a religion that taught many philosophical things. Confucius was the scholar who inspired the religion
What were the five basic relationships? Ruler-Subject... Father-Child... Husband-Wife...Older brother-Younger Brother... Friend-Friend
The Samurai organized the lower class into families called... goningumi
Created by: XioJohnson