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CMA review Med Term

common med term, prefix, suffix, combining form, abbreviations

a- without
ab- from, away from
ad-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, as-, at- toward, increasing
alb- white
ambi- both
ana- up, upward, toward
ante- before
anti- against
auto- self
bi- two, both
bio- life
circum- around
con-, col-, com-, cor- together, with
contra- against
de- away from, down, not
dia- through
dis- apart, seporate
dys- bad, difficult, painful, poor
ec- out, away
ecto- outside
en-, em- in
endo- within
epi- upon
eu- good
ex-, e- out, away
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, beyond
hypo- below, under
in-, il-, im-, ir- not
infra- below, under, beneath
inter- between
intra- within
iso- equal
juxta- near, beside
mal- gad
mega-, megal-/o large
mes-/o middle
meta- beyond, after
micro- small
milli- one-thousandth
mono- one, single
multi- many
neo- new, recent
non- not
para- near, beside, beyond, opposite, abnormal
per- through
peri- around, surrounding
poly- many
post- after
pre- before
primi- first
re- again, back
retro- back, backward, behind
rube- red
semi- half
sub- under, below
super- above, excessive
supra- above, over
syn, sym- together
tri- three
ultra- beyond, excessive
uni- one
-ac pertaining to
-ad toward
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-desis binding
-e noun marker
-ectomy excision, removal
-emesis vomit
-form resembling
-genetic beginning, originating, producing
-genic beginning, originating, producing
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-iasis condition, formation
-iatric pertaining to medical treatment
-iatry study or field of medicine
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ism condition
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-logist specialist in the study of
-ology study of
-lysis destruction, breaking down
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to measure
-oma tumor
-ory pertaining to
-osis condition, disease
-pathy disease
-penia abnormal reduction
-philia attraction
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasia development
-plasty molding, surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, prolapse, falling
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive flow, discharge
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-scope instrument used to view
-scopy process of viewing with a scope
-stasis a standing still, control, stoppage
-stomy surgical creation of a new opening
-tomy incision, cutting
Root main part of a word that gives the word its central meaning
Prefix a structure at the beginning of a word the modifies the meaning of the root
Suffix a word ending that modifies the meaning of the root
Combining vowels when a medical term is formed from many different word partys, these parts are often joined by a vowel; o or i
Combining form a root coupled with a combining vowel may be seproated in writing by a vertical slash; arthr/o
CCU coronary care unit
ED emergency department
ER emergency room
ICU intensive care unit
IP inpatient
OP outpatient
OPD outpatient department
OR operating room
PAR postanesthetic recovery
postop postoperative
preop preoperative
RTC return to clinic
RTO return to office
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
a.m.a against medical advice
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
C Celsious, centigrade
CBC complete blood count
CNS central nervious system
c/o complains of
CP chest pain
CPE complete physical exam
CV cardiovascular
D dilation and curettage
Dx diagnosis
ECG/EKG electrocardiogram
F Farenheit
Fl/fl fluid
GBS gallbladder seris
GI gastrointestinal
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology
H history and physical
HEENT head, ears, eyes, nose throat
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
Ht height
Hx history
I incusion and drainage
inj injection
IV intravenous
L left
L living and well
lab laboratory studies
MM mucous membrane
N nausea and vomiting
NP new patient
NYD not yet diagnosed
P pulse
P Pap smear and pelvic examination
Pap Pap smear
PE physical examination
pH hydrogen concentration
PI present illiness
PMH past medical history
PMS premenstrual syndrome
pt patient
PT physical therapy
Px physical examination
R right
ref referral
R/O rule out
ROS, SR review of systems/ systems review
Rx prescription
s.c, subq. subcutaneously
Sig: instruction to patient
soln. solution
sp. spirits
ss one half
stat immediately
supp., suppos suppository
syr. syrup
benign noncancerous
degeneration change of tissue to a less functionally active form
etiology cause of a disease
malaise not feeling well
malignant cancerous
prognosis prediction about the outcome of a disease
prophylaxis protection against disease
remission cessation of signs and symptoms
adip/o fat
albin/o white
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
kerat/o hard skin, horny tissue, keratin
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
onych/o nail
seb/o sebum (oil)
squam/o scale
trich/o hair
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
-malacia softening
-phagia eating, swallowing
Bx biopsy
Derm dermatology
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
bucc/o cheek
burs/o bursa
calc/o calcium
carp/o wrist
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
dors/o back
fasci/o band of fibrous tissue
fibr/o fiber
kyph/o hump
lamin/o lamina
lei/o smooth muscle
lord/o curve
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
oste/o bone
pector/o chest
rhabd/o striated, skeletal muscle
spondyl/o vertebra
synov/i synovia
ten/o tendon
-asthenia weakness
-clasia breaking
-desis binding
-physis growth
-schisis splitting
-trophy development
ROM range of motion
fx fracture
EMG electromyography
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
abduction movement away from the midline
adduction movement toward the midline
circumduction movement in a circular motion
depression act of lowering a body part from a joint
dorsiflexion act of pointing the foot upward
elevation act of raising a body part from the joint
eversion act of turning outward
extension increase in the angle of a joint
flexion decrease in the angle of a joint
hyperextension increase in the angle of a joint beyond what is normal
inversion act of turning inward
plantar flexion act of pointing the foot downward
pronation act of turning downward or inward
protraction movement of a body part anteriorly
retraction movement of a body part posteriorly
rotation act or process of turning on an axis
supination act of turning upward or outward
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
dur/o Dura mater
encephala/o brain
mening/o membrane
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
neur/o nerve
poli/o gray matter
psych/o mind
hemi- half
tetra- four
-algesia excessive sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
-esthesia feeling sensation
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
-lepsy seizure
-paresis slight paralysis
-phasia speech
-plegia paralysis
-praxia action
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
CAT computed axial tomography
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
EEG electroencephalogram
LP lumbar puncture
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arter/o, arteri/o artery
atri/o atrium
bas/o base
cardi/o heart
coagul/o clotting
coron/o crown, circle
cyt/o cell
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
is/o same, equal
kary/o nucleus
lymph/o lymph
phleb/o vein
plasm/o plasma
thromb/o clot
valv/o, valvul/o valve
vas/o vessel
ven/o vein
-apharesis removal
-blast immature stage, germ, bud
-crit separation
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells
-globin protein
AF atrial fibrillation
AS aortic stenosis
ASD atrial septal defect
BP blood pressure
CAD coronary heart disease
CHF congestive heart failure
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiography
HTN hypertension
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
MVP mitral valve prolapse
PDA patient ductus arteriosus
PVC premature ventricular contraction
VT ventricular tachycardia
adenoid/o adenoid
alveol/o air sac
bronch/i, bronch/o bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe of the lung
nas/o nose
ox/i, ox/o oxygen
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pneum/o breath, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
spir/o breathing
tonsil/o tonsil
-ema condition
-oxia oxygen
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-thorax chest
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR Chest x-ray
PFT pulmonary function test
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
an/o anus
append/o appendix
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
cheil/o lip
chol/o bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o colon
colon/o colon
enter/o intestine
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
lapar/o abdomen
or/o mouth
peritone/o peritoneum
rect/o rectum
stomat/o mouth
-ase enzyme
-chezia defecation
-iasis abnormal condition
-pepsia digestion
-prandial meal
BE barium enema
EUS endoscopic ultrasound
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
aden/o gland
adrenal/o adrenal gland
adren/o adrenal gland
andr/o male
calc/i calcium
cortic/o cortex, outer region
crin/o secretion
dips/o thirst
epinephr/o adrenal gland
glyc/o sugar
gonad/o sex gland
home/o like, similar
hormone/o hormone
kal/i potassium
lact/o milk
natr/i sodium
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
somat/o body
ster/o solid structure
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
oxy- rapid, sharp
pan- all
tri- three
-agon assemblage, a gathering together
-in, -ine a substance
-uria urine condition
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
BMR basal metabolic rate
Ca calcium
DI diabetes insipidus
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GH growth hormone
GTT glucose tolerance test
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
K potassium
Na sodium
NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
PRL prolactin
TFT thyroid function test
aque/o water
blephar/o eyelid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o, core/o pupil
dacry/o tear, tear duct
dipl/o double
glauc/o gray
ir/o iris
lacrim/o tear
mi/o smaller, less
nyct/o, noct/o night
ocul/o eye
opt/o vision
opthalm/o eye
palpebr/o eyelid
phot/o light
presby/o old age
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
scot/o darkness
uve/o vascular layer of thwe eye
vitre/o glassy
-opia vision
-tropia a turning
ast astigmatism
IOP intraocular pressure
OD right eye
OS left eye
OU each eye, both eyes
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
REM rapid eye movement
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
acou/o, acous/o hearing
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur/i ear
cochle/o cochlea
mastoid/o mastoid process
ot/o ear
tympan/o eardrum
-cusis hearing
-acousia hearing
-otia ear condition
AD right ear
AS left ear
AU both ears
EENT eyes, ears, nose and throat
oto otology
albumin/o protein
bacteri/o bacterium, bacteria
cali/o calix (calyx)
ket/o ketone bodies
cyst/o urinary bladder
lith/o stone
meat/o opening, passageway
nephr/o kidney
olig/o scanty, few
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/i, ren/o kidney
ur/o, urin/o urine, urinary tract
vesic/o urinary bladder
-tripsy crushing
-uria urination
ADH antidiuretic hormone; vasopressin
ARF acute renal failure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Cath catheter
CRF chronic renal failure
ESRD end stage renal disease
HD hemodialysis
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidney, ureter and bladder
PKU phenylketonuria
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
amni/o amnion
balan/o glans penis
cervic/o cervix, neck
colp/o vagina
crypt/o hidden
culd/o cul-de-sac
epididym/o epididymis
galact/o milk
gon/o generation, genitals
gynec/o female
hyster/o uterus
lact/i, lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
men/o menses
metr/o uterus
nat/i birth
orchi/o testis, testicle
orchid/o testis, testicle
ov/o egg
prostst/o prostate gland
terat/o monster
test/o testis, testicle
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vessel, duct
vert/i, vers/i a turning
-arche beginning
-gravida pregnant
-one hormaone
-pause cessation
-pexy fixation, fastening
-stomy (new) opening
-tocia labor, birth
AB abortion
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
CX cervix
D dilation and curettage
FHT fetal heart tones
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
Created by: jabert1