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Vocab Ch. 8 History

Progressivism movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
Muckraker writer who uncovers and exposes misconducts in politics business
Social Gospel reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
Settlement House community center organized at the turn of the twentieth century to provide social services to the urban poor
Direct Primary election in which primary citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
Initiative process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballet
Referendum process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law by a legislature
Recall Process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
NCL group organized in 1889 to investigate the conditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum
Temperance Movement movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
Suffrage the right to vote
NAWSA group founded in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
Nineteenth Amendment constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote
Americanization belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Niagara Movement group of African American thinkers founded in 1905 that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices
NAACP interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans
Urban League network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities
Anti-Defamation League organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
Mutualistas organized groups of Mexican-Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community
Square Deal President theodore Roosevelt program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Hepburn Act 1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines
Meat Inspection Act 1906 law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and requiered federal inspection of meat processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
National Reclamation Act 1902 law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
New Nationalism President Theodore Roosevelts plan to restore the governments trustbusting power
Progressive Party political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the republican party in 1912
New Freedom Woodrow Wilson program to place government controls on corporation in order to benefit small businesses
Sixteenth Amendment 1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal Reserve Act 1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a federal reserve board, which runs regional banks that hold reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates, and supervises commercial banks
Federal Trade Commission government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices false advertising, and dishonest labeling
Clayton Antitrust Act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: 100001296436272