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South Asia Geo 24-25

TermDefinition
Himalaya Mountains includes Everest (world's tallest mountain peak)
subcontinent a large landmass that is smaller than a continent
alluvial plains lands that are rich farmlands, rich soil, Gangetic Plain
archipelago a group of small islands, Maldives
atoll islands that are surrounded by coral reefs and shallow lagoons
monsoons seasonal winds
cyclone a voilent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain
Hinduism religion of most indians
Ganges river important water resource and sacred river to the Hindu's, wash their sins
storm surges when the cyclones sweep across the bay they send these high waters
estuary an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river, Bangladesh has the largest estuary dam
Mughal Empire established throughout India in the 1500's, brought Islam into the area
raj the period of time when the British controlled India, lasted for 90 years
nonviolent resistance protest movement that does not use violence, Ghandi's approach
land reform a more balanced distribution of land among farmers
Green Revolution a program to increase crop yields
caste system Aryan system of social classes, big part of Hinduism
Indus Valley civilization the largest of the world's first civilizations
partition a division, India being divided into India and Pakistan
Kashmir the cause of conflict between Pakistan and India over who controlled it
micro credit allows small loans to poor business people
entrepreneur people who start and build a business
Ramadan month long period of fasting from sunrise to sunset for the muslims
constitutional monarchy when the rulers powers are limited by a constitution, Nepal and Bhutan
sherpas native mountain guides
Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) the founder of Buddhism, the official religion of Bhutan
mandalas geometric designs that are used to focus on during meditation
Sinhalese the people from the northern plains of India, created an advanced civilization in Sri Lanka
Tamils a group of Indians, drividian Hindu's that brought a different culture and language to Sri Lanka
sultans muslim word for rulers
Created by: megancasey