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TCM History

History of TCM

Fuxishi Face of man, body of dog. Taught men to raise livestock and fish
The Fire Emperor (Shennongshi) Plant grains. Knowledge of the medicinal and poisonous. properties of herbs
Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) Inventions (currency, utensils, boats, etc.)
Western- Confucianism Teachings were more practical
Western- Taoism More philosophical
Eastern- Jiyi Physicians who cured internal illnesses
Eastern- Yangyi Physicians who cured external illnesses
Eastern- Shiyi Physicians who dealt with dietary problems
52 prescriptions on silk Earliest written reference of Chinese medical prescriptions (283 herbal prescriptions, 247 herbs total)
Inner classic of Yellow Emperor (huangdi neijing) Highest authority on TCM- 18 volumes divided into 2 parts - summary of medical experiences, knowledge and theory
Inner classic of Yellow Emperor- Suwen More theory- deals with areas of anatomy, phys, and therapy
Inner classic of Yellow Emperor- Lingshu Deals with acupuncture and moxibustion
Spirit and accomplishment of I.C.Y.E Hollistic, yin/yang/5 elements, Zangfu, Disease preventing, Factors of spirit
Classic of difficult issues (Nan jing) Complementary for Huangdi Neijing- chose cun kou for pulse diagnosis
Materia Medica of Deity of Agriculture Earliest extant classic on drugs/medicinal herb: - 4 qi, 5 flavours - 7 relationships (alone, mutual, empowering, fear, aversion, killing, clashing) - 4 medicinal roles: Sovereign, minister, assistant, courier
Zhang Zhong Jing - Wrote treatise on cold induced and misc diseases - Worlds oldest complete textbook on medical history - 6 meridians for external attack disease - zangfu for internal diseases - 269 total prescriptions
Su wen shun jie earliest book of revision and comments of huangi neijing su wen
Huangdi neijing tai su - written by Yang shang shan - Earliest extant book of revision and comments of huangdi neijing suwen
Comments on huangdi neijing su wen - Written by Wang Bing in Tang dynasty
Wang Shuhe - Wrote pulse classic or manual on the pulses - Earliest extant book special on pulse and compilation of pulse diagnosis - Identified 24 kinds of pulses and 1 taking place= radial pulse
Treatise on the causes and symptoms of diseases - Writen by chao yuan fang - categorizes the causes, symptoms, and pathology of certain diseases in a systematical manner
Shennong bencaojing jizhu - Written by tao hong jing - number of listed herbal medicines increased and info on location/time of harvest
Treatiste on the preparation of herbal medicine - written by lei xiao - First extant monograph on processing/preparation - Focused on various ways of preparing herbal med
Newly revised materia media (Tang Bencao) - First official pharmacopoeia in China and world - Listed 844 herbs with diagrams and illustrations
Ge hong most famous alchemist of china, used chemical remedies to cure illnesses
The ABC's of acupuncture and moxibustion - Written by Huang Fu Mi
Liu's remedies bequeathed by important people/authors - written by gong qingxuan - earliest exant monograph on surgery
emergency prescriptions or handbook or medicine for emergencies - Written by Ge Hong - Earliest extant book for medical emergencies
Prescriptions worth a thousand gold for emergencies and supplement to the essential prescriptions - written by sun si miao - Ethical code/moral path of a doctor - Collects formulas before Tang dynasty - Dedicated to women and childrens health
Imperial medical bureau In charge of medical education
Yu yao yuan Kept precious herbs imported or contributed by provinces
Shang yao ju Medicine administrative organization
Hui ming ju department of patent medicine manufacturing and selling
Zhu jie shang hang lun - written by Cheng wu ji - earliest extant book of revision and comments of SHL
Prescriptions from the pharmacy of harmonious assistance - written by chen shi wen and pei zong yuan - written by chen shi wen and pei zong yuan - lists 297 prescriptions and gives info on how to prepare and use drugs - Reprents the first government published OTC prescription book in the world
Treatise on pathology - written by Chen yan - 3 types of pathogenic agents lead to an imbalance between the yin and yang in body, b/w vital energy (qi) and the bloog, or impair functions of organs and meridians, all of which give rise to illness
Wang wei yi - Designed and casted 2 life size male bronze statues for acupuncture - compiled a book called "tongren shuxue zhen jiu tujing"
Master Hejian - School of cooling - 5 movements: 5 elements - 6 influences: climatic changes - placed importance on elements of fire and heat- prescribed herbs that have cold properties
Zhang congzheng - School of purgation - 6 doors - 6 influences: wind, summer heat, fire, dryness, damp, cold - When evil qi gone, healthy qi will come back automatically
Li Gao - School of treatise on the spleen and stomach/school of tonifying the earth - If spleen and stomach were injured by an inappropriate lifestyle, vitality would decline and illness would result from an imbalance of qi in these organs
Zhu Zhenheng - school of minister of fire or nourishing the yin - AKA master danxi - Body's yang was usually in excess causing yin to become deficient
On pestilence - written by wu you xing - proposed the theory of liqi- cause of febrile disease - each pestilence disease was associated with its own particular liqi which attacked different organs, penetrated the body through mouth and nose
On febrile illnesses - explained in detail the causes, staging, diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness
Illnesses associated with heat and dampness - specialized in discussing cause, development, diagnosis, treatment of damp heart diseases
Differentiation of wenbing pathogenesis of wenbing corresponded to changes affecting 3 jiaos
Created by: heather.learn