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Male Repro Terms

Terminology of the Male Reproductive System

interstitial cell in the testes, these cells lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce testosterone
parenchyma tissue composed of essential and functional cells of organ. in the testes, the parenchymal tissue includes seminiferous tubules that produce sperm
perineum external region between the anus and scrotum in the male
prepuce fold of skin covering the tip of the penis. also called foreskin
prostate gland exocrine gland, in men, at tthe base of the urinary bladder. the prostate gland secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation
scrotum external sac that contains the testes
semen spermatozoa (sperm cells) and seminal fluid (propastic and other glandular secretions)
seminal vesicle either of paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete a fluid into the vas deferens. the seminal fluid is the major component of semen
seminiferous tubules narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes
spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa) sperm cell
sterilization any procedure that removes an individuals ability to produce or release reproductive cells
stroma supportive, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its parenchyma
testis (plural: testes) male gonad (testicle) that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone
testosterone hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes;responsible the male sex charecteristics
vas deferens narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epedidymis into the body and toward the urethra. also called ductus deferens
carcinoma of the testes malignant tumor of the testicles
cryptorchism; cryptorchidism undescended testicles
hydrocele sac of clear fluid on the scrotum
testicular torsion twisting of the spermatic cord
varicocele enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle
bulbourrethral gland one pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra
cowper gland bulbourethral gland
ejaculation ejection of sperm and fluid from the urethra
ejaculatory duct tube through which semen enters the male urethra
epididymis one of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis. it carries sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens
erectile dysfunction inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
flagellum hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile (able to move)
fraternal twins two infants born of the same pregnancy from two seperate ova fertilized by two different sperm
glans penis sensitive tip of the penis
identical twins two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos
impotance inability of an adult male to achieve an erection
carcinoma of the prostate malignant tumor of the prostate gland
prostatic hyperplasia benign growth of cells within the prostate gland; benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
hypospadias; hypospadia congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis instead of at its tip
phimosis narrowing of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
chlamydial infection bacteria invade the urethra and reproductive tract of men and women
gonorrhea inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes, caused by infection with gonococci
herpes genitalis infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals, caused by the herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters
syphilis chronic STD caused by a spirochete (spiral-shaped bacterium)
PSA test measures levels of prostate-specific antigen in the blood
semen analysis ejaculated fluid is examined microscapically
castration surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
circumcision surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
digital rectal examination (DRE) finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
photoselective vaporization of the prostate (GreenLight PVP) removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP)
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra
vasectomy bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens
Created by: vikingmedterm