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Chap. Ten ~

Nervous System

Causo- burning
Concusso- violent shaking or jarring
Contuso- bruising
Encephalo- brain
Estheto- sensation; feeling
Klepto- to steal
Meningo- meninges
Myelo- bone marrow; spinal cord; myelin
Neuro- nerve
Neuri- nerve
Psycho- mind
-esthesia nervous sensation
-graphy process of recording
-mania obsessive preoccupation
-phobia fear
-trophic nourishment; development (condition of)
-tropic turning
Acrophobia irrational fear of heights.
Alzheimers Disease a neurologic disease characterized by loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting at least six months, and not present from birth
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis A chronic, progressive disease marked by gradual degeneration of the nerve cells in the central nervous system that control voluntary muscle movement. The disorder causes muscle weakness and atrophy and usually results in death
Anesthetic An agent that causes loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness.
Anesthetist A person specially trained to administer anesthetics
Anxiety a. A state of uneasiness and apprehension, as about future uncertainties.
Autism A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by severe deficits in social interaction and communication, by an extremely limited range of activities and interests, and often by the presence of repetitive, stereotyped behaviors
Bells Palsy unilateral facial paralysis of sudden onset due to a lesion of the facial nerve, resulting in characteristic facial distortion.
Carotid Ultrasonography an ultrasound-based diagnostic imaging technique to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries, so as to look for blood clots, atherosclerotic plaque buildup, and other blood flow problems
Causalgia a burning pain, often with trophic skin changes, due to peripheral nerve injury.
Cerebal Contusion a bruise of the brain tissue
Cerebral Palsy a group of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage to, motor control centers of the brain.
Cerebrovascular Accident an abnormal condition of the brain characterized by occlusion by an embolus, thrombus, or cerebrovascular hemorrhage or vasospasm, resulting in ischemia of the brain tissues normally perfused by the damaged vessels.
Cervical Radiculopathy Cervical Radiculopathy
Claustrophobia An abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces
Cognition that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering
Coma unresponsiveness, in which a person exhibits no voluntary movement or behavior.
Concussion a trauma-induced change in mental status with confusion and amnesia
Cranial Hematoma a buildup of blood occurs between the dura mater (the tough outer membrane of the central nervous system) and the skull.
Delirium a state of mental confusion that develops quickly and usually fluctuates in intensity
Delirium tremens An acute, sometimes fatal episode of delirium that is usually caused by withdrawal or abstinence from alcohol following habitual excessive drinking and that is characterized by sweating, trembling, anxiety, confusion, and hallucinations.
Delusion an idiosyncratic false belief that is firmly maintained in spite of incontrovertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary.
Dementia a loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting more than six months, not present since birth, and not associated with a loss or alteration of consciousness
Dura Mater the outermost, toughest of the three meninges (membranes) of the brain and spinal cord.
Dyslexia difficulty in learning to read.
Echoencephalography The use of reflected ultrasound to create a detailed visual image of the brain
electroencephalography Electroencephalography, or EEG, is a neurological test that uses an electronic monitoring device to measure and record electrical activity in the brain. Purpose
Encephalitis an inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a direct viral infection or a hyper-sensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein
Epidural situated upon or outside the dura mater
Epilepsy any of a group of syndromes characterized by paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may be manifested as episodic impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena, psychic or sensory disturbances,
Factitious Disorder a mental disorder characterized by repeated, intentional simulation of physical or psychological signs and symptoms of illness for no apparent purpose other than obtaining treatment
Guillail-Barre Syndrome an acute, immune-mediated disorder of peripheral nerves, spinal roots, and cranial nerves, commonly presenting as a rapidly progressive, areflexive, relatively symmetric ascending weakness of the limb, truncal, respiratory, pharynge
Hallucination a sense perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, or taste) that has no basis in external stimulation.
Hemorrhagic Stroke An ischemic stroke in which blood enters necrotic brain tissue, which may not be accompanied by a worsening clinical status
Hydrocephalus an abnormal expansion of cavities (ventricles) within the brain that is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid.
Hyperesthesia increased sensitivity to stimulation, particularly to touch
Hypochondriasis a mental disorder characterized by excessive fear of or preoccupation with a serious illness, despite medical testing and reassurance to the contrary.
Ischemic Stroke cerebrovascular disorder caused by deprivation of blood flow to an area of the brain, generally as a result of thrombosis, embolism, or reduced blood pressure.
Lethargy a lowered level of consciousness, with drowsiness, listlessness, and apathy.
Meningitis a serious inflammation of the meninges, the thin, membranous covering of the brain and the spinal cord.
Meninggocele hernial protrusion of the meninges through a defect in the cranium
Migraine Headache a type of headache marked by severe head pain lasting several hours or more.
Multiple Sclerosis a chronic autoimmune disorder affecting movement, ensation, and bodily functions.
Myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord
Myelography an x-ray examination of the spinal canal.
Narcolepsy a disorder marked by excessive daytime sleepiness, uncontrollable sleep attacks, and cataplexy (a sudden loss of muscle tone, usually lasting up to half an hour).
Neurotransmitters Chemicals within the nervous system that transmit information from or between nerve cells
obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is characterized by distressing repetitive thoughts, impulses or images that are intense, frightening, absurd, or unusual
Panic Attack an episode of acute intense anxiety, the essential feature of panic disorder.
Paresthesia morbid or perverted sensation; an abnormal sensation, as burning, prickling, formication, etc.
PArkinsons Disease a slowly progressive form of parkinsonism, usually seen late in life, marked by masklike facies, tremor of resting muscles, slowing of voluntary movements, festinating gait, peculiar posture, muscular weakness, and sometimes excessive sweating and feeling
Peripheral Neuropathy a wide range of disorders in which the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord—peripheral nerves—have been damaged.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder an anxiety disorder caused by an intensely traumatic event
Reyes Syndrome disorder principally affecting the liver and brain, marked by rapid development of life-threatening neurological symptoms.
Schizophrenia psychotic disorder (or a group of disorders) marked by severely impaired thinking, emotions, and behaviors
Sciatica pain or discomfort associated with the sciatic nerve
Shaken Baby Syndrome a collective term for the internal head injuries a baby or young child sustains from being violently shaken.
Syncope a faint; temporary loss of consciousness due to generalized cerebral ischemia
Trichotillomania compulsive pulling out of one's hair
Trigeminal Neuralgia a disorder of the trigeminal nerve (the fifth cranial nerve) that causes episodes of sharp, stabbing pain in the cheek, lips, gums, or chin on one side of the face
Created by: asdfghjkl25