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Red Book Chpt. 9 & 10

axons nerve cell process that transmits impulses away from the cell body
dendrites branching or treelike; nerve cell process that transmit impulses toward the body
oligodendrocrytes a cell that holds nerve fibers together & produces the myelin sheath around the axons in the CNS
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) the most common primary disease of the CNS; a myelin diorder
neurons nerve cell, including its processes (axon & dendrites)
epineurium a tough fibrous sheath that covers the whole nerve
two-neuron pathway reflex arch (sensory & motor neurons)
medulla oblongata the lowest part of the brain-stem; an enlarged extension of the spinal cord; the vital centers are located within this area
hypothalamus portion of the floor & lateral wall of the 3rd ventricle of the brain
thalamus located just above the hypothalamus; its functions are to help produces sensations, associated with emotions & play a part in the arousal mechanism
dura mater literally 'strong or hard mother';outermost layer of meninges
pia mater the vascular innermost covering (meninx) of the brain & spinal cord
arachnoid mater delicate, weblike middle membrane covering the brain, the meninges
neurolemma nerve sheath
Parkinson Disease chronic disorder of the nervous system, results from deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; muscle rigidity, trembling of head & extremities, forward tilt of the body & walking in a shuffling manner of walking
Created by: BWilliams9190