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MA 70 Urinary System

Module 11 Urinary System

azot/o CF: nitrogenous waste
bacteri/o CF: bacteria
cyst/o CF: urinary bladder
glomerul/o CF: glomerulus
glycos/o CF: sugar
keton/o CF: ketone
lith/o CF: stone, calculus
meat/o CF: opening
nephr/o CF: kidney
noct/i, nyct/o CF: night
olig/o CF: scanty
pyel/o CF: renal pelvis
ren/o CF: kidney
scler/o CF: hard
ur/o CF: urine
urin/o CF: urine
ureter/o CF: ureter
urethr/o CF: urethra
vesic/o CF: bladder
poly- Prefix: many
-cele Suffix: hernia
-emia Suffix: blood condition
-iasis Suffix: abnormal condition
-lith Suffix: stone, calculus
-lithiasis Suffix: abnormal condition of having stones
-lysis Suffix: destruction
-megaly Suffix: enlarged
-pathy Suffix: disease
-pexy Suffix: surgical fixation
-ptosis Suffix: prolapse
-rrhaphy Suffix: suture
-tome Suffix: instrument for cutting
-tomy Suffix: incision
-tripsy Suffix: surgical crushing
-urea Suffix: urine
Kidneys organ that filters nitrogenous waste from the blood
Ureters vessels that takes waste from the kidneys to the bladder
Bladder sac where urine is stored
Urethra vessel from the bladder to outside the body
Renal Pelvis where all urine is collected in the kidney before entering the ureter
Nephron microscopic functioning unit of the kidney f capillaries inside the Bowmen’s capsule
Bowmen’s capsule area that surrounds the glomeruli and starts the filtration process
glomerulus (singular) glomeruli (plural) tuft of capillaries inside the Bowmen’s capsule
cystalgia bladder pain
cystocele prolapse of the bladder into the vagina
cystectomy surgical removal of the urinary bladder
cystogram x-ray of the urinary bladder
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystolith calculus build up in the urinary bladder
cystolithiasis abnormal condition of stones in the urinary bladder
cystolithotomy incision of the urinary bladder to remove a stone(s)
cystopexy surgical fixation of the urinary bladder
cystoplasty surgical repair of the urinary bladder
cystoscope an instrument to view the urinary bladder
cystoscopy the process of viewing the urinary bladder
polycystic having many fluid filled sacs
glomerulonephritis disease of the kidneys causing inflammation of the capillaries of the glomeruli
glomerulosclerosis hardening of the glomeruli
lithiasis abnormal condition of having stones
lithotripsy surgical crushing of stones
lithotomy incision to remove stones
meatus an opening
nephralgia painful kidneys
nephrectomy excision of a kidney
nephrogram X-ray of kidney
nephritis inflammation of one or both kidneys
nephrolith calculus (stones) in the kidney
nephrolithiasis abnormal condition of many kidney stones
nephrolithotomy incision of the kidney to remove stones
nephrology branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the kidney
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
nephroptosis prolapse of a kidney
nephropexy surgical fixation of a kidney
nephrorrhaphy suturing of a kidney
pyelogram x-ray of the renal pelvis
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney from a bacterial infection
pyeloplasty surgical repair of the renal pelvis
renal pertaining to the kidneys
uremia urine in the blood, caused by improper kidney functioning (failure)
urologist specialist in the diseases of the urinary system
urology the study of the urinary system
ureteral pertaining to the ureter
ureteralgia painful ureter
ureterectasis dilation of the ureter
ureterocele protrusion of the ureter
ureterolith ureter stone
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
urethral pertaining to the urethra
urethralgia urethra pain
urethrocele protrusion of the urethra into the vagina
urethrocystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder and urethra
urethrectomy surgical removal of the urethra
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethritis urethra inflammation
urethrorrhagia rapid bleeding from urethra
urethroscope instrument to visually examine urethra
urethrostenosis narrowing of urethra
urinometer instrument to measure urine
urinary pertaining to urine
anuria condition of no urine (produced by kidney)
azoturia nitrogenous waste in the urine
bacteriuria bacteria in urine
dysuria condition of difficult or painful urination
glycosuria condition of sugar in urine
hematuria condition of blood in urine
ketonuria ketones in urine
nocturia condition of frequent nighttime urination
oliguria condition of scanty amount of urine
polyuria condition of (too) much urine
proteinuria protein in urine
pyuria condition of pus in urine
cystocele protrusion of the bladder into the vaginal wall
rectocele protrusion of the anus into the vaginal wall
dialysis process of using a machine to artificially filter the blood
calculus stone formed within organ by accumulation of mineral salts; found in kidney, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, or urethra; plural is calculi
diuresis increased formation and secretion of urine
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine after age by which bladder control should have been established
micturition another term for urination
urinary incontinence involuntary release of urine
urinary retention inability to fully empty the bladder
urology branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of urinary system. physician is a urologist
voiding another term for urination
diabetic nephropathy accumulation of damage to glomerulus capillaries due to chronic high blood sugars of diabetes mellitus
glomerulonephritis inflammation of kidney (primarily of the glomerulus)
hydronephrosis distention of renal pelvis due to urine collecting in kidney; often result of obstruction of ureter
nephrolithiasis presence of calculi in kidney
nephroptosis downward displacement of kidney out of normal location; commonly called floating kidney
oliguria scanty (little amounts) production of urine
polycystic kidney kidneys formation of multiple cysts within kidney tissue. Results in the destruction of normal kidney tissue and uremia
pyelonephritis inflammation of renal pelvis and kidney
cystography process of instilling contrast material or dye into bladder by catheter to visualize urinary bladder on X-ray
retrograde pyelogram diagnostic X-ray in which dye is inserted through urethra to outline bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis
cystoscopy visual examination of urinary bladder using instrument called cystoscope
urinary catheterization insertion of tube through urethra and into urinary bladder for purpose of withdrawing urine or inserting dye
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) use of ultrasound waves to break up stones; procedure that is non-invasive. Destroys or crushes stones in the bladder or urethra by high frequency sound waves
hemodialysis (HD) use of artificial kidney machine that filters blood of person to remove waste products
dialysis removal of toxic waste substances from blood artificially with the use of a machine to filter it.
meatotomy incision into meatus in order to enlarge opening of urethra
nephrolithotomy surgical incision to directly remove stones from kidney
renal transplant surgical placement of donor kidney
ARF acute renal failure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
CRF chronic renal failure
cysto cystoscopic exam
ESRD end-stage renal disease
ESWL extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
GU genitourinary
HD hemodialysis
H2O water
I&O intake and output
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
RP retrograde pyelogram
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
micturition urination
gluc/o, glucos/o CF: sugar
genit/o CF: genital, genitalia
anti- Prefix: against
cortex literal translation "bark": outside layer
medulla middle layer
renal artery blood vessels going into the hilum of the kidney to the glomeruli for filtering
renal veins filtrate from kidneys to the veins leading out of the hilum of the kidney
cystorrhea uncontrolled flow of urine
cystourethritis inflammation of the bladder and urethra
genitourinary pertaining to the genital and urinary systems
Created by: leschnei