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Owl Greece Unit

Ancient Greek Civilization

QuestionAnswer
An open area or space in the center of town Agora
Small independent state consisting of a town & farmland around it. City-state
Leader over a city-state aristocrat
King rules alone or with a council of nobles monarchy
Rule by a man who takes power by force tyranny
all male citizens share in law-making (women, children and slaves are not citizens) democracy
Nobles take over the king's powers and govern aristocracy
Rule by a few, usually those with land oligarchy
fortress on a central hill polis
slaves helots
freeman living around the plain of Sparta Perioeci
Collection of buildings built as a safe haven on high ground acropolis
ancient civilization who lived on the island of Crete Minoans
a promise Oath
villainous fish merchant that is rude to customers fishmonger
vase for mixing wine and water Krater
Greek tunic chiton
silver coin used as a unit of Greek money drachma
story handed down from generation to generation legend
trireme Greek ship used to ram enemy ship or speed away from enemy ships
exchange goods for something other than money Barter
Foot soldiers with lances and double-edged swords hoplites
means excellence in everything Arete
Instrument for scraping the skin after exercise or bathing strigil
Define emigrate. Answers vary
Define tunic. Answers vary.
Define loom. Answers vary.
Define fallow. Answers vary.
Define garrison. Answers vary.
Define embossed. Answers vary.
Define emblem. Answers vary.
Define herald. Answers vary.
T/F - Ancient Greece is made up of many mountains in the Aegean Sea. False
T/F - Women gathered in the agora to discuss matters of the city-state False
T/F - Greeks often thought of themselves as part of the city-state, not as part of the nation. True
T/F -State jobs were full time--thus not allowing citizens time to farm or operate workshops. False
T/F - The assembly had to be consulted about war, raising taxes, changing laws and spending. True
T/F - The whole Greek way of life centered around controlling their huge slave population. False
T/F - Every Spartan was a part-time soldier. False
T/F - At age 7, Spartan girls went to live in the mountains, leaving her parents and family behind. False
T/F - Greeks despised comfort, good food, soft clothes, useless talk, new ideas and had no art. False
All __________________ was thrown into the streets to be picked over by dogs. rubbish
T/F - The bricks, used in house construction, were hard and provided much protection. False
T/F - Public buildings in the acropolis and agora were brightly painted marble. True
Unwanted ___________ were put in pots to die in fields or streets. Babies
T/F - Greece had no full time soldiers. True
____________ was the most important Greek food. Fish
_________________ were burned on the altar as an offering to the gods. Entrails (guts) or fat
Meat was available during ____________ and consisted of goat or lamb. festival time
__________________ was used as a sweetener Honey
T/F - There were plenty of rice and potatoes, but no bread. False
T/F - The idea of working for someone else was like slavery. True
The black _______________ of the Athenian pots was admired all over the ancient world. glaze
Who had the job of making cloth for tunics, cloaks and blankets? Women
_______________ was purchased at the market. Burrs were picked out. Then it was ready for dyeing, spinning and weaving. Sheep's fleece
__________ was used to paint women's eyes. Soot
__________ was to paint the cheeks of women. Mulberry juice
____________ had no chance of freedom. They were branded and chained together. Slaves
Name the cold time of year or months that men gathered to chat in the warmth of the blacksmith's shop. (December-January)
T/F - In the 8th century BC people emigrated to escape starvation due to increased population and lack of land. True
T/F - Athens exported potatoes and rice. False
T/F - Merchant ships were light and fast. False
T/F - Greek sailors used compasses. False
Name the great Athenian leader who led a 27 year long war with Sparta. Pericles
T/F - Horses were for the rich only. True
T/F - Fighting from horseback is efficient. False
T/F - Horseback soldiers were the army's best fighters. False
Name of a person who can see into the future. Soothsayer
A _____________ was needed because city-states were constantly at war with each other. truce
Every _________ years people traveled safely to the Games at Olympia. four
Each city-state held a festival in honor of their _____________. god
The god Apollo speaks directly to men through his priestess _________________. Pythia
Sick or people in need visited the ___________. temples
T/F - Athletes competed in honor of Zeus, not for money. True
_________________ was the main event and included: foot race, discus throwing, long jump, javelin and wrestling. Pentathlon
The only event for teams was________________. chariot racing
The prize at the Olympic games was a __________________. simple wreath of wild olive leaves
__________________, wife of Menelaus, was captured by the Trojans. Helen
As a gift, the Greeks left a _____________ for the Trojans. wooden horse
A visit to the ________________ was one of the great events of the year for a Greek. theatre
Theatre performances included satyr farce, tragedies and ______________________. comedies
T/F - Plays were based on well-known myths or legends. True
T/F - Roads were well built and maintained. False
The most preferred means of travel included _____________. Boats and sea travel
_______________ provided religious education, history, geography and literature. Poems
Greek _____________ show us that beauty of form and proportion was reflected in their art. statues
______________ had to learn at home. Girls
_____________ was private and not everyone could afford the fees. School
T/F - There were universities. False
Education in ______________ emphasized fitness over everything else. Sparta
____________ boys learned discipline, obedience and became the perfect soldiers. Spartan
T/F - Greek boys did not learn poetry, reading, writing or arithmetic. False
His followers were interested in mathematics, geometry and music. Name him. Pythagoras
Wrote the play, Oedipus, in which a king accidentally marries his own mother. Sophocles
Student of Plato that made contributions to philosophy, physics, biology and zoology. Aristotle
Encouraged people to question their religious beliefs. He was forced to kill himself by drinking hemlock juice. Socrates
T/F - Rest, pain and food would cure the body according to Hippocrates. True
T/F - Greeks possessed a great deal of medical knowledge about the body and disease. False
____________ were buried with them after a child's death. Toys
_________________ were believed to have enormous powers. Gods
Name the most famous Greek military leader. Alexander, King of Macedonia
In the winter of 324-323BC, _______________ caught fever and died at Babylon. His soldiers were ill, tired and refused to travel. Alexander
Created by: cathyjones