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MA 70 Module 10 GI

Digestive/Gastrointestinal System

an/o anus
append/o appendic/o appendix
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
cheil/o lips
chol/e bile, gall
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon/o colon
dent/o, dent/i teeth
duoden/o duodenum
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lith/o stone, calculus
myc/o fungus
odont/o teeth
or/o mouth
orth/o straight
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o pharynx
proct/o anus and rectum
ptyal/o saliva
pylor/o pylorus
pyr/o heat
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sialaden/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
staphyl/o uvula
stomat/o mouth
uvul/o uvula
-algia Pain
-clysis irrigation
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation
-ectomy excision, to surgically remove
-emesis vomiting
-iasis abnormal condition due to something specific
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlarged
-ptosis prolapse
-orexia appetite
-pathy disease
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eat, swallow
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy the process of viewing, examining
-stomy to surgically create a new opening
-tripsy surgical crushing
anal pertaining to the anus
appendectomy excision of the appendix
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
buccal pertaining to the cheeks
cheilitis inflammation of the lips
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholelith gallstone
cholelithiasis abnormal condition of gallstones
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder
cholecystogram x-ray of the gallbladder
cholecystic pertaining to the gallbladder
choledochotomy incision of the common bile duct
colectomy excision of all or part of the colon
colon the large intestines
colostomy surgical creation of an opening from the colon to outside the abdominal wall
colorectal pertaining to the colon and rectum
colonic pertaining to the colon
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon using a colonoscope
dental pertaining to the teeth
dentalgia tooth pain
dentist one who specializes in the health and diseases of the teeth
duodenal pertaining to the duodenum, first part of the small intestines
duodenoscopy visual examination of the duodenum using an endoscope
duodenectomy surgical removal of all or part of the duodenum
duodenostomy surgical creation of an opening from the duodenum to outside the abdominal wall
duodenum the first part of the small intestines
enteric pertaining to the intestines
enteritis inflammation of the intestines
enteropathy any disease of the intestines
esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
esophagectasis dilation of the esophagus
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastralgia stomach pain
gastrodynia stomach pain
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines
gastroenterologist one who specializes in the study of the health and diseases of the gastrointestinal system
gastrointestinal pertaining to the stomach and intestines
gastromalacia abnormal softening of the stomach
gastromegaly abnormal enlargement of the stomach
megalogastria abnormal enlargement of the stomach
nasogastric pertaining to the nasal passages and stomach
gastrostomy surgical creation of an opening from the stomach to outside the abdominal wall.
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gastrectomy excision of part or all the stomach
gastroduodenostomy surgical creation of a new opening between the stomach and the duodenum
gingival pertaining to the gums
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
gingivectomy excision of part of the gums
glossal pertaining to the tongue
hypoglossal pertaining to below the tongue
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatomegaly enlarged liver
ileal pertaining to the ileum
ileum the third part of the small intestines
ileostomy surgical creation of an opening from the ileum to outside the abdominal wall
ileectomy excision of all or part of the ileum
ileotomy Incision of the ileum
jejunal pertaining to the jejunum
jejunum the second part of the small intestines
jejunorrhaphy suturing of the second part of the small intestines
jejunostomy surgically creating an opening from the jejunum to outside the abdominal wall
laparotomy incision of the abdomen
laparoscope a fiber optic camera that goes through the abdominal wall for viewing structures inside the abdomen, or to do procedures
lingual pertaining to the tongue
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
lithiasis abnormal condition of gallstones
odontalgia tooth pain
orthodontic pertaining to straightening teeth
orthodontist one specializes in straightening teeth
periodontist one specializes in the health and diseases of the structures around the teeth
oral pertaining to the mouth
palatoplasty surgical repair of the palate
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pharyngeal pertaining to the throat
pharyngoplasty surgical repair of the throat
proctalgia pain in the anus and rectum
proctoplasty surgical repair of the anus and rectum
proctology the study of health and diseases of the anus and rectum
pyloric pertaining to the pylorus
pylorus the opening between the stomach and duodenum
ptyalism excessive salivation
rectal pertaining to the rectum
rectum terminal section of the intestines ending at the anus
rectitis inflammation of the rectum
sialic having characteristics of saliva
sialitis inflammation of the salivary gland or duct
sialorrhea excessive flow of saliva
sialadenitis sialoadenitis inflammation of the salivary glands
sigmoidoscope instrument inserted through the anus and rectum to view the sigmoid colon
sigmoidal pertaining to the sigmoid colon
staphyloplasty surgical repair of the uvula
stomatalgia mouth pain
stomatodynia mouth pain
stomatomycosis fungal infection of the mouth
stomatoplasty surgical repair of the mouth
uvulectomy excision of the uvula
enteroclysis irrigation of the small intestines
hematemesis vomiting up blood
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
anorexia loss of appetite
bradypepsia slow digestion
dyspepsia difficult digestion
aphagia inability to swallow
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
polyphagia excessive eating
anastomosis to surgically connect to tubular structures or organs
diarrhea runny stools
emesis vomiting
polyp small growth
prandial pertaining to meals
pyrosis heartburn
diverticula diverticulum little pouches off the large intestines singular form
diverticulitis inflammation of the little pouches off the large intestines
diverticulosis abnormal condition of having little pouches off the large intestines
hemorrhoids varicose veins of the anus and/or rectum
polyposis abnormal condition of having many small growths
paracentesis a puncture to withdraw fluid from the abdomen or other cavities
gavage nasogastric tube for nourishment
lavage nasogastric tube to rinse out (irrigate) the stomach
choledocholithotripsy surgical crushing of calculus in the common bile duct
hemorrhoidectomy the surgical removal of swollen veins in the anus and/or rectum
Ac before meals (ante cibum)
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
NPO nothing by mouth (non per os)
pc after meals (post cibum)
PO by mouth (per os)
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
-chezia suffix for defecation
-al, -eal, -ic suffixes meaning pertaining to
-ium suffix for membrane
-rrhaphy suffix for suturing
-stalsis suffix for contraction
-tomy suffix for incision, to surgically cut into
peri- around, surrounding
retro- behind
alimentary pertaining to nutrition or food
cheilorrhaphy suturing of the lips
cheilosis condition of split lips due to lack of riboflavin
cholangiography process of taking a radiogram of the bile ducts
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
choledocholithiasis condition of stones in the common bile duct
retrocolic pertaining to behind the colon
hepatectomy excision of all or part of the liver
pancreatolysis destruction of the pancreas due to pancreatic enzymes
hematochezia presence of blood in feces
peristalsis rhythmic contractions of the alimentary tract to move food through
eructation burping
Created by: leschnei