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Infection Control


Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Acquired immunity immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disease, or through inoculation (such as vaccination)
allergy reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
antiseptics Chemical germicides formulated for us on the skin; registered and regulated by the FDA
asymptomatic showing no symptoms or signs of infection
bacilli Short rod-shaped bacteria. they are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria
bacteria one-celled microorganisms, some of which are beneficial and some of which cause disease
bactericidal Capable of destroying bacteria
binary fission The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells
bioburden The number of microbes or amount of organic debris on an object at any given time
bloodborne pathogens disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids
chelating soaps detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the reidue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
Clean a mechanical process, scrubbing, using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs.
cocci round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups
contagious disease disease that may be transmitted between individuals, with reference to the organism that causes the disease
contamination The presence of infectious organisms or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
decontamination The removal or cleansing of dangerous chemicals and other dangerous or infectious materials.
diagnosis determination of the cause and nature of a disease
diplococci Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
direct transmission Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, caughing, sneezing and talking.
disease an abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
disinfectants chemical agents that destroy most bacteria, fungi and viruses, but not spores, on surfaces
disinfection a process that eliminates many or all microorganisms, with the exception of bacterial spores, from inanimate objects
efficacy the power to produce an effect
exposure incident contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that results from performance of an employees duties
flagella long, tail-like projection of cell; provide motility (ie, moves cell); only in sperm (in humans)
fungi a eukaryotic organism that has cell wells, use spores to reproduce, and is a heterotroph that feeds by absorbing its food
fungicidal capable of destroying fungi
hepatitis bloodborne virus that causes disease affecting the liver
hospital disinfectants Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
human immunodeficiency virus the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
human papilloma virus Abbreviated HPV and also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
immunity Ability to ward off disease
indirect transmission transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an envromental surface
infection the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens
infection control the methods used to eliminate or reduct the transmission of infectious organisms
infectious disease disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body.
inflammation condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth
local infection an infection that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus
material safety data sheet a sheet containing information about the safe use of a chemical and the steps to take in case of an accident
mathicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) resistant to antibiotics. The flesh eating bateria
microorganism any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size
mildew a type of fungus that affets plants or grows on inanimate objects but does not cause human infections in the salon
motility self-movement
Multiuse items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more that one person
mycobacterium fortuitum a microscopic germ that normaly exists in tap water in small numbers
natural immunity immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living
nonpathogenic harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm
nonporous an item that is made of a material that has no pores of openings and cannot absorb liquids
occupational diseas illness resulting from conditions associated with employment
parasites organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism
parasitic disease disease caused by parasites
pathogenic harmful microorganisms that causedisease or infection in humans when they invade the body
pathogenic disease disease produced by organisms
phenolic disinfectants powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. they are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes
porous made of a material that has pores or openings.
pus a fluid created by infection
quaternary ammonium compouds disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon
sanitation a chemical process for reducing the number of disease causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level
scabies a contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin
single-use items that cannot be used more than once
sodium hypochlorite common household bleach
spirilla Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause diseases such as syphilis and lyme disease.
staphylococci pus forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resmebling a string of beads.
sterilization the process that completely destroys all microbial life
streptococci pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads
systemic disease disease that affects the body as a whole
Tinea barbae a superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin., It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the nose.
tinea capitis fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots at the opening of hair follicles
tinea pedis ringworm of the foot
toxins any of various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms.
tuberculocidal disinfectants Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis
tuberculosis An infectious disease that may affect almost all tissues of the body, especially the lungs
Universal Precautions set of guidelines published by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration that requires the employer and employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids contain pathogens and are thus infectious
virucidal capable of destroying viruses
virus tiny, nonliving particle that contains DNA but lacks other characteristics of living cells
Created by: samkohlenberg