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Rosalind Franklin 1952 – x-rays to determine structure of DNA;died from radiation caused by exposure to x-rays
Democritus Greek philosopher;All things made of small things = atoms;atomos – cannot be divided
Karl Jansky 1931 began radio astronomy
Wladimir Kopper 1900 system to classify climates
William Gilbert 1st person to discover the magnetic properties of Lodestone (magnetic iron ore)
Robert Goddard “Rocketman” made 1st liquid-fuel rocket engine
Robert Hooke Explained elasticity (Hooke’s Law); coined term “cells” when looking at cork bark;many other accomplishments
Theodore Schwann Cofounder of cell theory; All animals are made of cells
Jane Goodall Chimpanzee expert and conservationist
Mario Molina Discovered that CFC’s (chlorofluorocarbons) were destroying the ozone;CFC’s were banned because of this in 1978 (Montreal protocol)
Lise Meitner "the mother of the atomic bomb"; discovered nuclear fission
Barbara McClintock leader in the development of maize cytogenetics;many genetic discoveries
Edmund Halley Great inventor/scientist;Predicted that a bright comet was periodic and would return;named after him (Halley’s comet)
Sir Isaac Newton Gravity; Three laws of motion; Many other achievements
Leonardo da Vinci Vitruvian man – 1498; To teach anatomy
Matthias Schleiden Cofounder of cell theory; All PLANTS are made of cells
Hemophilia Disorder where blood doesn’t clot properly
Cystic fibrosis Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited condition. It can have many symptoms, affecting different parts of the body, particularly the lungs and digestive system; most common inherited disease in white people
Down’s syndrome Trisomy 21; Mutation where the 21st pair of chromosomes, now has three
Sickle-cell anemia Most common in people of African descent;occurs when a person inherits two abnormal genes (one from each parent) that cause their red blood cells to change shape;disorder that affects hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells that helps carry oxygen
Harry Hess Theory of Sea-floor Spreading
Edwin Hubble 1920’s – discovered that farther a galaxy was from us, the faster it is moving;Named space telescope after him
Hans Jansen-Zacharias Jansen Father-son team that made 1st useful microscope
Carolus Linnaeus “Father of Taxonomy (classification)”; botanist; invented “binomial nomenclature”
James Hutton “Founder of Modern Geology”;wrote Theory of the Earth, (1785)
Matthew Maury “Father of Oceanography”;mapped ocean currents, sea surface temperature and surface winds
William Maurice Ewing U.S. geophysicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding of marine sediments and ocean basins, using seismic methods
Enrico Fermi One of the “Fathers of the Nuclear Age”;instrumental in the development of the first nuclear weapons during the 1940s
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Observed 1st bacteria from scrapings from his teeth; One of 1st microscopes
Antoine Lavoisier French chemist; “mass of log = mass of ashes + smoke”; Law of Conservation of matter
Steven Hawking Modern day Einstein; Physicist; Black holes; Wheelchair
Galileo Galilei 1607 – 1st telescope; astronomer; discovered Jupiter’s four largest moons (Galilean moons)
Created by: CVTMSCA