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Cubangbang #120790

Cubangbang's 8th Ch. 9 & 10 Meteorology & Water Stack #120790

The atmosphere was formed by a direct act of God during the Creation week
The most abundant gas in the homosphere Nitrogen
The gas called ozone is composed of Oxygen atoms
Atmospheric layer that directly affects radio communications on Earth Ionosphere
Layer most effective in protecting the earth from solar flare Magnetosphere
Results in earth's surface absorbing the most heat from the sun clear & cold with low humidity
Not significantly affected by variation of oxygen in the atmosphere Greenhouse warming of earth
When the earth's surface warms the air directly above Conduction
An optical illusion Mirage
The amount of water vapor present in the air compared to the amount it could hold Relative humidity
Water cannot enter the atmosphere by Condensation
When humid air mass is lifted higher into the atmosphere, at some point it begins to form clouds as its water vapor condenses. What causes this condensation to take place? Adiabatic cooling
Prefix used when naming medium-altitude cloud types Alto
Cloud that never produces rain Cirrus
Not associated with cirrus clouds Composed of supercooled water
Forms of precipitation Rain, snow, hail
Natural unpollued rainwater is slightly acidic
Winds flowing from different directions that come together in a locality force air masses aloft. Cloud formation and storms are often the result. Convergence
Snow forms when water vapor in the atmosphere Sublimes
Type of clouds hail usually form Cumulonimbus
Temperature at which the relative humidity is equal to 100% Dew point
Liquid water below the freezing point Supercooled water
Three basic cloud shapes Stratus (flat), Cumulus (piles), Cirrus (wispy curls)
Top of the cumulonimbus cloud is often shaped like an anvil
Raindrops form as large cloud droplets begin to fall and collect other cloud droplets in this process. Coalescence
Most brief showers or thunderstorms that occur in the summertime are the result of Convection
Three types of solid precipitation Snow, sleet, hail
T/F: It is possible for liquid water and water vapor to exist at the same temperature True
T/F: Water can evaporate without being warmer than its surroundings True
T/F: The higher the temperature of the air, the more moisture it can hold. True
T/F: Nimbus-type clouds often bring rain. True
T/F: Drizzle is a form of freezing rain. False
T/F: Low clouds cause a halo to appear around the sun or moon. False
T/F: A mackeral sky is caused by altostratus clouds. False
T/F: Dew forms when warm air cools below the freezing point. False
T/F: The only acidic precipitation is acid rain. False
T/F: All forms of precipitation result in some way from the cooling of a relatively warm, humid air mass. True
T/F: God created the atmosphere on the second day of the Creation week. True
T/F: The percentage of gases in the himosphere remain relatively constant. True
T/F: The continuous mixing of cold and warm air occurs only in the troposhere. True
T/F: The troposphere is the only atmospheric layer to have winds. False
T/F: Since warm air rises, the troposphere is the coolest layer of the atmosphere. False
T/F: Auroras occur when charged particles escape from the ionosphere into the magnetosphere. False
The envelope of gases surrounding the earth Atmosphere
Fast winds that travel in paths in the stratosphere. Jet streams
Indirect warming of the atmosphere. Greenhouse Effect
The study of the atmosphere. Meteorology
The condition of the atmosphere at any given time. Weather
An indication of the amount of thermal energy in the air. Temperature
Weight of atmospheric gases per unit area. Atmospheric pressure
The amount of water vapor actually present in the atmosphere. Absolute humidity
Who is credited for discovering oxygen? Joseph Priestly and Karl Scheele
The coldest temperatures of the atmosphere are found at the top of this layer Mesosphere
Five conditions usually included in the description of the weather. Temperature, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, wind speed and direction, humidity
Created by: jcubangbang