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Life Science

Chapter 9

Kingdom Animalia Most posess nervous system, felis domesticus, lack cell walls
Kingdom Protista Algae, most are single celled, all eukaryotes that arent other kingdoms, evolved from bacteria 2 billion years ago
Kingdom Eubacteria No nucleus, Prokaryotes found in human body, all are single celled
Kingdom Plantae Ferns, Usually green, use the sun's energy to make sugar
Kingdom Fungi Molds Mushrooms, Breaks down materials
Kingdom Archaebacteria Have existed for at least 3 billion years, Form yellow hot springs where the temperature is 90 degrees Celcius (194 degrees Ferenheit)
Classification the arrangement of organisms into orderly groups based on their similarities and presumed evolutionary relationships
Kingdom the most general of the seven kingdoms
Phylum the level of classification after phylum; the organisms in all phyla are sorted into classes
Class the level of classification after phylum; the organisms in all phyla are sorted into classes
Order the level of classification after class; the organisms in all families are sorted into genera
Species the most specific of the seven levels of classification; characterized by a group of organims that can mate with one another to prudce fertile offspring
Dichotomous key an aid identifying unknown organisms that consists of several pairs of descriptive statements; of each pair of organism, and that statement will lead to another set of statements, and so on, until the unkown organism can be identified
Taxonomy the science of identifying, classifying, and naming living things
Eubacteria a classification kingdom containing mostly free-living bacteria found in many varied environments
Archaebacteria a classification kingdom containing bacteria that thrive in extreme environments
Binomial Nomenclature a system for naming organisms
Created by: J_Flics