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Great Dep. Vocab

test tuesday

stock speculation also known as “buying on margin,” the practice by investors of borrowing money to buy stock hoping that stock price increases will help pay off the loan
Federal Reserve Banks the bankers’ banks; they have the power to print money and raise or lower interest rates to either encourage or discourage borrowing by banks, businesses, and consumers
Smoot-Hawley Tariff taxes on imported goods voted on by Congress to protect American businesses from competition from foreign companies; it discouraged international trade which created a worldwide economic depression
bank and business failures -these companies are said to fail when they can no longer make a profit because they have invested their profits unwisely or there is little demand for their products
unemployment the rate or percentage of qualified people willing to work who cannot find a job because the economy provides no work for them
hunger and homelessness during the Great Depression many people stood in breadlines for free food or lived in shacks made from discarded materials
farm foreclosures many farms were taken from farmers by banks because prices for farm products were low and when farmers’ incomes dropped they couldn’t repay their loans
Social Security a pension given to American workers who have paid a tax on their wages so that they have an income after they retire
work relief New Deal programs like the CCC which gave people government jobs
environmental improvement New Deal programs like the CCC which had workers plant trees, build levees for flood control, and improve national parks; the TVA controlled flooding by building or improving dams to promote conservation
farm assistance New Deal programs like the AAA which helped raise prices for farm products by paying farmers to leave some of their land uncultivated; the AAA also paid farmers to destroy some crops, milk, and livestock
labor rights the Fair Labor Standards Act set a minimum wage for workers and abolished child labor; the Wagner Act guaranteed workers the right to form unions and to bargain collectively with employers
Created by: soccergurl2000